The International Cultivar Registration Authority Register and Checklist for the genus Lithops N.E.Br.

 

The list that follows is the official checklist and register of Lithops cultivars, in alphabetical order according to cultivar epithet. It was first compiled as a checklist in the (UK) autumn of 2013, but subsequent to that date it is requested new cultivars be registered using the official form available from the link on the right. As it is impossible to monitor every publication worldwide, it is the responsibility of anyone proposing a new Lithops cultivar to alert the registrar. Where the term “First published” is used below, it is to the best belief of the registrar. At a botanic level the list follows the Cole classification system.

NB. The term “Nomenclatural standard” is used only where a photograph has so been designated; the term “Image example” being used elsewhere. No offence is inferred by the omission or use of personal titles (such as Mr., Mrs., Dr., etc.) which are recorded as researched by, or presented to the registrar. Names attributed to Lithops as personal or casual notations or in erroneous format may not appear.

You can download this list for viewing and reference in PDF format here.

Entries in yellow, preceded by an asterisk * are unacceptable cultivar epithets.

For a complete check-list of Lithops at all ranks please consult the Classification section of Lithops Scrapbook III within this web-site. Grouped into species and in scrolling format, the photographs below are also available via THE BASICS link on the right.

The official ISHS Lithops Cultivar register / checklist

'Akahada Reikogyoku ’

Lithops dorotheae 'Akahada Reikogyoku '.

Photo © Petr Pavelka.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 5, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A red flushed L. dorotheae.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

‘Albiflora’

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei var. lesliei 'Albiflora'.

Photo © Axel Neumann.

This was published as a cultivar by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 163. 1988”. Image example: Photograph bottom right on page 219 in Lithops - Flowering Stones 2005. A white flowering cultivar with normal body colours. NB. This Latin form epithet is retained as it is based on L. lesliei f. albiflora (B. Fearn; 1966) which has subsequently become widely known and accepted as a cultivar.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

*‘Albiflora’

*L. pseudotruncatella subsp. pseudotruncatella var. pseudotruncatella ‘Albiflora’. Appeared on page 62 in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and on page 182 in Lithops - Flowering Stones 1988 by Professor Desmond Cole, although no specimen was believed to exist at either time. In Lithops - Flowering Stones 1988 it was explained that cultivar rank had been given to all such aberrant colour forms in that publication, and that in the interest of continuity var. pseudotruncatella *’Albiflora’ was included. It was only ever known from one specimen and is already in use for L. lesliei subsp. lesliei var. lesliei ‘Albiflora’ above. An unaccepted epithet in this context.

*‘Albiflorus’

*L. bromfieldii var. bromfieldii ‘Albiflorus’. Appeared on the Frik du Plooy 1997 seed list numbered F013, but with no description. Possibly a synonym of 'White Nymph' but in any case an unaccepted epithet.

*‘Albiflos’

*L. helmutii ‘Albiflos’. This unacceptable Latin based epithet appeared on the Frik du Plooy 1997 seed list with no description, numbered F060. Frik (personal comment) once indicated that this was probably a hybrid of uncertain origin anyway. An unaccepted epithet.

‘Albinica’

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei var. lesliei 'Albinica'.

Photo © Eric Collins.

This was published as a cultivar by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 163. 1988”, originating from A V Dabner and Peter H Wilkins. Image example: Photograph bottom left on page 163 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 1988. A stabilised green bodied and white flowering aberration. Vince Formosa of Leeds (personal comment) once indicated that var. lesliei *’Vivid Green', a plant that appeared on the now defunct seed list of “Parkways Lithops” without a written description, was identical to ‘Albinica’ that arose from the Cole collection number C36, but came from Cole collection number C5. NB. This Latin form epithet is retained as it is based on L. lesliei f. albinica (D.T. Cole; 1968) which has subsequently become widely known and accepted as a cultivar.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

*’Alpina’

*L. pseudotruncatella ‘Alpina’. This Latin based epithet was unintentionally published in cultivar format (personal comment) by Terry Smale in the “Seed Distribution List” of the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 24(1) pp.3-4 (2009), numbered 2394. Further, and as recorded on page 330 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Alpina’ is not distinct from L. pseudotruncatella subsp. pseudotruncatella var. pseudotruncatella.

*’Amethyst’

*L. ‘Amethyst’. Whilst plants with this title have been mentioned on social media or the Internet, specimens depicted appear to be identical to L. salicola ‘Sato’s Violet’ and there has been no formal description. An unaccepted epithet.

*’Anemone’

*L. salicola ‘Anemone’. Photographs from Valentino Vallicelli and a description stating “mutant green flowers remembering a sea anemone”, appeared on the website www.llifle.com concerning 2 ex-C321 seedlings at “Cactus-art Nursery”. The photographs however appear only to show the remains of yellow stamens, green flowers are unheard of in Lithops and there has been no formal publication. An unaccepted epithet.

‘Angel's of Tony’

Lithops olivacea var. olivacea ‘Angel's of Tony’.

Protologue photograph.

First published by Tony Sato in the “Cactus & Succulent Journal of Japan 16(4): 8-11, (Dec) 2001”. Image example: Photograph of flowering cluster accompanying the protologue, taken by Tony Sato of Fukushima City, Japan. A cultivar with flower petals that do not properly unfurl. In colour however, they are the normal yellow with white centres.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

‘Annarosa’

Lithops hookeri var. dabneri ‘Annarosa’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Giuseppe Maria Piccione in “Cultivars in lithops, Cactus & Co. 10(2): 115-116. 2006”. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph in ‘Lithops Scrapbook: part 2’, Cactus World, 26 (1), pp. 21-27 p.25, figure 9, 2008, taken by Giuseppe Maria Piccione of Verona, Italy. A stabilised green bodied aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

'Aquamarine'

Lithops otzeniana 'Aquamarine'.

Photo © Alain Sutton.

On the basis of a single specimen this epithet was published by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 180: 1988”. Following successful propagation this was accepted and discussed as a cultivar by Steven Hammer in “Lithops - Treasures of the Veld: 96. 1999”. The originators of this cultivar were Professor Desmond Cole and Naureen Cole. Image example: Photograph bottom right on page 180 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 1988. A stabilised bluish grey-green bodied aberration.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

’Aubarede'

Lithops hookeri var. lutea ’Aubarede'.

Photo © Philippe Richaud.

First published by Norbert Rebmann in “Un nouveau Lithops, Cactus & Succulentes 6(1): 18-19. (July) 2014", originating from Philippe Richaud. Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue taken by Philippe Richaud of France. Aubarede is a quarter of the town Le Cannet near Cannes in southern France where the plants were developed. A stabilised white flowering aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

’Aurea'

Lithops fulviceps var.  fulviceps ’Aurea'.

Photo © Eric Collins.

This was published as a cultivar by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones:122. 1988”, originating from Yasuhiko Shimada of Japan. Image example: Photograph top left on page 123 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 1988. A stabilised white flowering, green bodied aberration. NB. This Latin form epithet is retained as it is based on L. fulviceps f. aurea (Y. Shimada; 1977) which has subsequently become widely known and accepted as a cultivar.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

'Avocado Cream'

Lithops karasmontana subsp. eberlanzii 'Avocado Cream'.

Photo © Axel Neumann.

Published by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 160. 1988”. Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue on page 160. A stabilised creamy green bodied aberration.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

’Axel's Rose'

Lithops karasmontana ’Axel's Rose'.

Photo © Axel Neumann.

First published by Bernd Schlösser in “The Rose of Axel Neumann, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 29(1): 11. (January) 2014”, originating from Axel Neumann of Irxleben, Germany. Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue page 10, figure 29.7, taken by Axel Neumann. A red-purple cultivar that is subsp. karasmontana in shape, but of uncertain subspecies origin.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*’Bacchus’

*L. salicola ‘Bacchus’. An excellent epithet coined by Steven Hammer on page 132 of Lithops - Treasures of the Veld 1999 in honour of “the Greek god of wine”. Unfortunately Steven was unaware at that time the originator, Tony Sato of Japan, had expressed a wish to use the epithet ‘Sato’s Violet’. Synonym of ‘Sato’s Violet’.

*’Beauty Blue’

*L. verruculosa ‘Beauty Blue’. An epithet occasionally seen in cultivation alongside the name of the famous Jossie Brandt. However, it is unclear how this differs from var. verruculosa and there has been no published description. An unaccepted epithet.

‘Bellaketty’

Lithops aucampiae subsp. euniceae var. euniceae ‘Bellaketty’.

Photo © Bernd Schlösser.

First published by Giuseppe Maria Piccione in “A new Lithops cultivar, Cactus and Succulent Journal (US): 75(4): 152-153. 2003”. Image example: Photograph in ‘Lithops Scrapbook part 2’, Cactus World, 26 (1): pp. 21-27 page 22, figure 4, 2008, taken by Giuseppe Maria Piccione of Verona, Italy. A stabilised green bodied aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

‘Bethanien Green’

Lithops schwantesii subsp. schwantesii var. urikosensis 'Bethanien Green'.

Photo © Roy Earle, Hilda Mouton & Jenny Round.

First published by Roy Earle, Hilde Mouton & Janice Round in “A New Cultivar of Lithops schwantesii subsp. schwantesii var. urikosensis, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 33(4): 87. (November) 2018”. Image example: Photograph in Lithops Scrapbook II available at (www.scrapbooklithops.com), taken by the authors. The origin of the seed was close to the town of Bethanien, Namibia. A stabilised green bodied aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

'Betty’s Beryl'

Lithops aucampiae subsp. aucampiae var. aucampiae 'Betty’s Beryl'.

Photo © Bernd Schlösser.

This was published as a cultivar by Professor Desmond Cole in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 101. 1988”, from plants originating in Johnson’s Cactus Gardens, California, USA. Image example: Photograph bottom right on page 100 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 1988.  A stabilised white flowering, green bodied aberration.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

*’Bewitched Beyll’

*L. julii *’Bewitched Beyll’. One of a myriad of unsubstantiated and unpublished titles occasionally seen on social media or the Internet. An unaccepted epithet.

'Black Spiderweb’

Lithops hallii var. hallii 'Black Spiderweb'.

Photo © Chen Han.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Lithops : New cultivated varieties, Japan Succulent Society Journal, 526: 2. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 10 of “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”, taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A var. hallii with a “spider-web mesh” of black and grey.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Black Top'

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei var. venteri 'Black Top'.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Andy Yang in “Andy’s Lithops Handbook 2021: 81. 2020”. Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue taken by Andy Yang of Yuxi City, China. Prior to publication *‘Blacktop’ was listed by Terry Smale (without a description) in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 26, p. 7 (2011) as part of the 2011 seed distribution, numbered 2598. It was again listed as number 239 on the 2019/20 seed distribution list of the British Cactus And Succulent Society, but again without a description. A stabilised var. venteri with a wide open dark face.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*’Blood Red’

*L. karasmontana ‘Blood Red’. Sometimes presented as a solid red topped L. karasmontana so synonymous with ‘Lateritia’, or as one of a myriad of unsubstantiated and unpublished titles occasionally seen on social media or the Internet. An unaccepted epithet.

*’Bloody Red’

*L. karasmontana ‘Bloody Red’. One of a myriad of unsubstantiated and unpublished titles occasionally seen on social media or the Internet. An unaccepted epithet.

*'Blue Grey’

*L. schwantesii subsp. schwantesii var. urikosensis ‘Blue Grey’. Appeared (as not available) on the Frik du Plooy 2015 seed list with no description, numbered F184. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

'Blue Moon'

Lithops schwantesii subsp. schwantesii var. rugosa 'Blue Moon'.

Photo © Bernd Schlösser.

First published by Steven Hammer in “New Cultivars in Lithops, Piante Grasse Speciale 1995. Supplemento al n. 4 di Piante Grasse 15(4): 49. 1995”, originating from Norm Dennis of the USA. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph accompanying the protologue page 107, figure 217, taken by Chris Barnhill of the USA. A powdery-bluish bodied cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

*’Blushing Betty’

*L. pseudotruncatella subsp. pseudotruncatella var. elisabethiae ‘Blushing Betty’. This epithet was mentioned as part of a tribute to the late Tok Schoeman by Steven Hammer in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 32, p. 63 (2017). *‘Blushing Betty’ was a suggestion made by Tok for the “super-pink-skinned” var. elisabethiae grown by Steven, that may or may not be established in due course. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

*'Brakfontein'

*L. otzeniana 'Brakfontein'. A photo of a normal looking L. otzeniana with the title "SH351 'Brakfontein'" was shown on (www.geocities.jp/axxrd09/otzeniana.htm). This appears to be an erroneous format, as "Brakfontein" is a place where the species are known to grow. There has been no official publication. An unaccepted epithet.

'Brandcafé'

Lithops gracilidelineata 'Brandcafé'.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Terry Smale in “Seed Distribution 2017, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 32(1): 11. (January) 2017”, originating from Steven Hammer. Image example: Photograph on page 22 accompanying the protologue, Fig 32.36, taken by Andy Young of the UK. A stabilised hybrid between L. gracilidelineata subsp./var. gracilidelineata ‘Café au Lait’ and L. gracilidelineata subsp. brandbergensis, with an orange colour and intermittant features.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*’Brick Red’

*L. karasmontana ‘Brick Red’. Sometimes presented as a solid red topped L. karasmontana so synonymous with ‘Lateritia’, or as one of a myriad of unsubstantiated and unpublished titles occasionally seen on social media or the Internet. An unaccepted epithet.

‘Bronzino’

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei ‘Bronzino’.

Photo © Russell Wagner.

First published by Russell Wagner in “Lithops ‘Bronzino’ Sister Siblings, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 37(1): 11 (June) 2022”. Image example: Two photographs accompanying the protologue, figures 37.18 - 37.19 on page 12, taken by Russell Wagner of the USA. A bronze bodied subsp. lesliei with deep green or reddish windows. NB. This is L. lesliei subsp./var. lesliei ‘Fred’s Redhead’ X L. lesliei subsp. lesliei var. hornii.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

*’Brownhorn’

*L. ‘Brownhorn’. A title used casually by Steven Hammer when discussing brownish hybrids that include L. lesliei subsp. lesliei var. hornii with ‘Fred’s Redhorn’. An unaccepted epithet.

*’Buttermilk Valley’

*L. vallis-mariae ‘Buttermilk Valley’. The ‘Buttermilk Valley’ epithet was mentioned as a “provisional coinage” with double speech marks by Steven Hammer in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 9, p. 51 (1994) for white flowered variants. However, Steven used the epithet ‘Valley Girl’ when he published.

*’Buys Wiese Nursery’

*L. aucampiae ‘Buys Wiese Nursery’. A title occasionally mentioned on-line or depicted as an open-windowed mauve tinted L. aucampiae. However, there was never a formal description. Synonym of ‘Halo’.

*’C225 Binmon’

*L. karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. karasmontana ‘C225 Binmon’. A name used in the 2011 catalogue of the Gunsen-en Nursery in Japan, but not formally described elsewhere. Synonym of ‘Karasbijin’.

'Café au Lait'

Lithops gracilidelineata subsp. gracilidelineata var. gracilidelineata 'Café au Lait'.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Steven Hammer in “New Cultivars in Lithops, Piante Grasse Speciale 1995: 47-48, 1996”, originating from C309. Nomenclatural standard:  Photograph top right on page 129 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 1988. A patterned fuscous cultivar described by Steven Hammer as having “whipped cream islands floating on a cappuccino sea”.NB. ‘Café au Lait’ was discovered as a wild specimen by the Coles but not named by them.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

'Camel’

Lithops werneri 'Camel'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Lithops : New cultivated varieties, Japan Succulent Society Journal, 526: 3. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 34 of “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”, taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A cultivar with a yellowish brown top surface and dark tan reticulations.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Cascade’

Lithops karasmontana subsp. bella 'Cascade'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 18, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A variegated subsp. bella.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Cesky Granat'

Lithops otzeniana 'Cesky Granat'.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Petr Pavelka in “Lithops otzeniana Nel a jeho kultivary do ech, Kaktusy 37(1): 27-29. 2001”, originating from Mr. Hejtmanek. Nomenclatural standard:  Photograph accompanying the protologue, taken by Petr Pavelka of the Czech Republic. The name is Czech for “Czech garnet”. A stabilised red bodied aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

'Charming Mustard’

Lithops aucampiae subsp. aucampiae var. koelemanii 'Charming Mustard'.

Photo © Chen Yang.

First published by Chen Yang via a translation by Ding Jie in “’Charming Mustard’ and A Correction, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 36(4): 88. (December) 2021”. Image example: Three photographs accompanying the protologue figures 36.100 - 36.102 on page 89, taken by Chen Yang of China. A yellowish-green cultivar. The epithet reflects the author’s fondness of mustard sauce.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

*’Chartreuse’

*L. marmorata var. marmorata ‘Chartreuse’. An epithet used for this green bodied cultivar by Steven Hammer in Piante Grasse Speciale 1995. However, at that time Steven was unaware that the originator, Petr Pavelka of the Czech Republic, had already chosen the epithet of ‘Polepsky Smaragd’. Synonym of ‘Polepsky Smaragd'.

'Chatora’

Lithops julii subsp. julii 'Chatora'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 16, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A cultivar with opaque white-brown bodies and dark brown reticulations.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Cherry’

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei var. lesliei 'Cherry’.

Photo © Duan Junli.

First published by Duan Junli in “Cherry From China, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 34(2): 45. (June) 2019”. Image example: Three photographs accompanying the protologue, figures 34.63-34.65 on page 34 taken by Duan Junli of China. An open windowed, purple cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

'Chieruby’

Lithops aucampiae subsp. euniceae var. fluminalis 'Chieruby’.

Photo © Yasuhiko Shimada.

This was published as a cultivar by Professor Desmond Cole and Naureen Cole in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 93. 2005”, originating from Yasuhiko Shimada of Japan. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph bottom right on page 93 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 2005, taken by Yasuhiko Shimada of Japan. It was named after Mr. Shimada’s wife whose name is Chie(ruby). An orange-red bodied cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

'Chinchillas ZW’

Lithops 'Chinchillas ZW’.

Photo © Zhang Shijia & Wei Zichu.

First published by Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu in “A new pattern cultivar: Lithops N.E.Br. 'Chinchillas ZW', Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 35(2): 45. (May) 2020”. Image Example: Six photographs accompanying the protologue, figures 33.62 – 33.67 on page 44 taken by the authors. A rounded, delicately patterned hybrid of unknown origin, with a grey to purple colouration and yellow flowers. The epithet honours two pet Chinchillas.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*'Chocolate Puddles'

*L. aucampiae 'Chocolate Puddles'. Plants with this title have been shown on the Internet and appear to relate to open windowed specimens. There has however been no official publication. An unaccepted epithet.

'Chocolate Sprinkles’

Lithops terricolor 'Chocolate Sprinkles’.

Photo © Bernd Schlösser.

First published by Bernd Schlösser in “Lithops terricolor 'Chocolate Sprinkles': Mesemb. Study Group Buletin 31(1): 15. (January) 2016”. Image example: Photograph of plants accompanying the protologue, figure 31.16 on page 17, taken by Bernd Schlősser of Germany. A brown bodied cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*'Choc Top'

*L. hookeri var. dabneri 'Choc Top'. Appeared on the Frik du Plooy 1997 seed list with no description, numbered F070. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

*’Christinae’

*L. schwantesii ’Christinae’. In 2011 this epithet was presented in cultivar format by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ) on page 221 of Succulents (Volume 2) compiled by Hiroshi Kobayashi and Mitsuo Ekuma. However, as recorded on page 332 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Christinae’ is not distinct from L. schwantesii subsp. schwantesii var. urikosensis.

'Chrysoberyl’

Lithops verruculosa var. verruculosa 'Chrysoberyl’.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Lithops, Japan Succulent Society Journal 512: 14. (December) 2018”. Image example: Fig. 11, accompanying the protologue on the back page taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A yellow-green var. verruculosa.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

*’Chrysocephala’

*L. julii ‘Chrysocephala’. This Latin based epithet was unintentionally published in cultivar format (personal comment) by Terry Smale in the “Seed Distribution List” of the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 24(1) pp.3-4 (2009), numbered 2386. Further, and as recorded on page 332 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Chrysocephala’ is not distinct from L. julii subsp. julii.

*’Cookie’

*L. karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. karasmontana ‘Cookie’. Orange topped specimens with soft margins are known from China but have never been formally described. It is also not known if a breeding population actually exists or if these are are random aberrations. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

*'Copper Beguine'

*L. hallii 'Copper Beguine'. A title occasionally seen on-line. However, the distinguishing features are unclear and there has been no published description. An unaccepted epithet.

'Corona’

Lithops aucampiae subsp. aucampiae var. aucampiae 'Corona'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

Established by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Plants had however been in Japanese cultivation for a number of years prior to this. Image example: Photograph bottom right on P. 81 of THE GENUS LITHOPS (2001) taken by Yasuhiko Shimada of Japan. A cultivar with dark open windows void of islands.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

*’Coronagyoku’

*L. aucampiae subsp. aucampiae var. aucampiae ‘Coronagyoku’. A name historically and synonymously used in Japan for plants that became established as ‘Corona’. Synonym of ‘Corona’.

*’Corona Nishiki’

*L. aucampiae subsp. aucampiae var. aucampiae ‘Corona Nishiki’. An unstable variegated form of ‘Corona’ reported by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special 2, pp. 30-50 (2021)”. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

‘Daikangyoku’

Lithops salicola ‘Daikangyoku’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by the International Succulent Institute of Japan under the presidency of Hiroshi Kobayashi in “Succulents (Volume 1): 221. 2004”. Image example:  Photograph accompanying the protologue bottom right, taken by Yasuhiko Shimada of Japan. A cultivar with a fine netting pattern on its face.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*’Danielskuil’

*L. aucampiae ‘Danielskuil’. Occasionally presented in cultivar format, Danielskuil is an area where var. aucampiae grows, or used to grow naturally. Plants are beautiful but indistinct. An unaccepted epithet.

*’Dark Wine Red’

*L. aucampiae ‘Dark Wine Red’. One of a myriad of unsubstantiated and unpublished titles occasionally seen on social media or the Internet. An unaccepted epithet.

*’Darley Orange

*L.’Darley Orange’. This epithet together with a photograph, appeared on the website of Abbey Brook Cactus Nursery (http://www.abbeybrookcacti.com) without a written description. No description appears to have been published elsewhere either. Currently an unacceptable epithet.

*’de Boer Mickbergensis’

*L. karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. karasmontana ‘de Boer Mickbergensis’. An unestablished name sometimes used prior to the establishment of ‘De Boer’s Mick’. Synonym of ‘De Boer’s Mick’.

'De Boer's Mick’

Lithops karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. karasmontana 'De Boer's Mick'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Japan Succulent Society Journal, 527: 2. 2021”. Image example: Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A red reticulated var. karasmontana.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Desert River'

Lithops bromfieldii 'Desert River'. 

Photo © Lorenzo Stocco.

First published by Lorenzo Stocco and Alfonso G. Trudu in “Two New Cultivars From Italy: Lithops bromfieldii ‘Desert River’ and Lithops hookeri ‘Red Planet’, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 36(2): 34. (August) 2021”. Image example: Photographs of plants accompanying the protologue, figures 36.46-36.47 on page 36 taken by Lorenzo Stocco of Loria, Treviso, Italy. An ochre cultivar with widened or merged dark bluish or greenish channels which divide along the margins. NB. Both var. bromfieldii and var. insularis are believed to be involved in the creation of this cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Dintergreen'

Lithops dinteri subsp. dinteri var. dinteri 'Dintergreen'. 

Photo © Axel Neumann.

This was published as a cultivar by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops Flowering Stones:113. 1988”, originating from Ed Storms of Azle, Texas, USA. Image example: Photograph top right on page 113 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 1988. A stabilised green bodied aberration.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

*’Diutina'

*L. marmorata ’Diutina’. In 2011 this epithet was presented in cultivar format by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ) on page 219 of Succulents (Volume 2) compiled by Hiroshi Kobayashi and Mitsuo Ekuma. However, as recorded on page 333 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Diutina’ is not distinct from L. marmorata var. marmorata.

*’Dragon

*L. karasmontana subsp. L. bella ’Dragon’. This epithet (given as a "protocultivar") together with a photograph, appeared on the website of Francois Hoes of Belgium (http://users.skynet.be/fhoes/rsasucculents/) in the section entitled "Lithops species pictures 2007", without a written description. *'Dragon' is not distinct from L. karasmontana subsp. bella.

*’Dragon

*L. marmorata ’Dragon’. In this context one of a myriad of unsubstantiated and unpublished titles occasionally seen on social media or the Internet. An unaccepted epithet.

*’EH dorotheae

*L. 'EH dorotheae'. Specimens of ‘Kihada Reikogyoku’ have been traded under this name especially in Japan. However, there was never a formal description and in any case the format of the epithet is unacceptable for a cultivar. An unaccepted epithet.

‘Embers’

Lithops bromfieldii var. glaudinae ‘Embers’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Keith Green in “Two new Lithops cultivars, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 21(2): 42, 2006”, originating from Steven Hammer of the USA. Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue figure 21.19, taken by Keith Green of New Malden, England. The epithet *‘Rubroroseus’ was offered by Frik du Plooy on his 1997 seed list without a description, but he subsequently indicated (personal comment) it pertained to the same plants. Latinised names not previously published in accordance with the International Code for algae, fungi and plants (ICN) are not to be used for new cultivars. A deep red bodied cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

‘Envy’

Lithops hookeri var. hookeri 'Envy '.

Photo © Chris Barnhill.

This was published by Steven Hammer in “Lithops - Treasures of the Veld:73. 1999”, although it stated there “yet to make its general debut”, suggesting the plants were scarce. NB. I erroneously considered this to have been established by Steven Hammer in Piante Grasse Speciale 1995 and reported such in my original Lithops Scrapbook notes which are available at (www.scrapbooklithops.com). Nomenclatural standard: Photograph accompanying the protologue on page 71, Figure 111, taken by Chris Barnhill of the USA. A stabilised green bodied aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

*’Erniana

*L. karasmontana subsp. eberlanzii ’Erniana’. In 2011 this epithet was presented in cultivar format by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ) on page 218 of Succulents (Volume 2) compiled by Hiroshi Kobayashi and Mitsuo Ekuma. However, as recorded on page 334 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Erniana’ is not distinct from L. karasmontana subsp. eberlanzii.

'Ernst's Witkop'

Lithops gracilidelineata subsp. gracilidelineata var. gracilidelineata 'Ernst's Witkop'.

Photo © Keith Green.

This was published as a cultivar by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 129-130. 1988”, originating from Ernst Fritz. Image example: Photograph bottom right on page 147 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 2005. A stabilised white flowering aberration, with normal body colours and flowers that are larger than ‘Fritz’s White Lady’.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

*’Farinosa’

*L. pseudotruncatella subsp. dendritica ’Farinosa’. In 2011 this epithet was presented in cultivar format by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ) on page 220 of Succulents (Volume 2) compiled by Hiroshi Kobayashi and Mitsuo Ekuma. However, as recorded on page 334 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Farinosa’ is not distinct from L. pseudotruncatella subsp. dendritica.

*’Fenestrata’

*L. karasmontana subsp. bella ‘Fenestrata’. This Latin based epithet never previously used in relation to this species or subspecies, was numbered by Frik du Plooy as “F102.1A (Shimada)”, and in the 2013 on-line catalogue of Conos Paradise, numbered “L14-91”. In both instances there were no descriptions, although it should be noted ‘Ironstone’ originated from Frik du Plooy “F102.1A”. An unaccepted epithet.

*’Fenestrata’

*L. otzeniana ‘Fenestrata’. This appeared in the book Succulents (Volume 1), on page 221, 2004, published by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ) under the presidency of Hiroshi Kobayashi, with a photograph and description in Japanese. However, this Latin based epithet had never previously been used in relation to this species. An unaccepted epithet.

*’Firebrandt’

*L. aucampiae subsp. aucampiae var. aucampiae ‘Firebrandt’. Erroneously named by Keith Green in “Two new Lithops cultivars, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 21(2): 42, 2006”, before he realised the originator of this cultivar, Jossie Brandt of South Africa, had expressed a wish for it to be called ‘Rudesheim Ruby’. A corrective article appeared in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 25, p. 105 (2010). Synonym of ‘Rudesheim Ruby.

‘Fireworks -ZW-'

Lithops verruculosa var. verruculosa ‘Fireworks -ZW-’.

Photo © Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu.

First published by Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu in “A New Pattern Cultivar: Lithops N.E.Br. verruculosa Nel var. verruculosa ‘Fireworks –ZW-’, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 33(1): 23. (February) 2018”. Image Example: Two photographs accompanying the protologue, figures 33.22 & 33.23 on page 24, taken by Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu of China. A stabilised form with verruculae joining together to form strong red lines.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*’Flavivirens’

*L. aucampiae subsp. euniceae var. fluminalis ‘Flavivirens’. Appeared on the Frik du Plooy October 2011 seed list with no description. An unaccepted epithet.

‘Freckled Friend’

Lithops amicorum ‘Freckled Friend’.

Photo © Tok Schoeman.

First published by Tok Schoeman in “Lithops: A New Pattern Bred Cultivar, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 24(3): 47. (July) 2009”. Image example: Photograph of plants accompanying the protologue taken by Tok Schoeman of Windhoek, Namibia. A reticulated patterned cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

‘Fred’s Redhead’

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei var. lesliei ‘Fred’s Redhead’.

Photo © Eric Collins.

First published by Steven Hammer in “New Cultivars in Lithops, Piante Grasse Speciale 1995. Supplemento al n. 4 di Piante Grasse 15(4): 48, 69. 1996”. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph figure 151 on page 83 of Lithops - Treasures of the Veld 1999, taken by Chris Barnhill of the USA. A bright red bodied cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

‘Fred’s Redhorn’

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei ‘Fred’s Redhorn’.

Photo © Russell Wagner.

First published by Russell Wagner in “Lithops ‘Bronzino’ Sister Siblings, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 37(1): 11. (June) 2022”. Image example: Photograph (left hand plant as viewed) on page 87 of Lithops Scrapbook 1, taken by Chris Barnhill (supplied by Steven Hammer) of the USA. An opaque, red bodied subsp. lesliei with blackish windows. NB. This is L. lesliei subsp./var. lesliei ‘Fred’s Redhead’ X L. lesliei subsp. lesliei var. hornii.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Frik Green’

Lithops otzeniana 'Frik Green'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021)”. Image example: Fig. 28, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A green bodied cultivar with windows reduced to narrow channels.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Frik Grey’

Lithops otzeniana 'Frik Grey'.

Photo © Petr Pavelka.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 27, accompanying the protologue taken by Petr Pavelka of the Czech Republic. A grey bodied cultivar with windows reduced to narrow channels.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Fritz's White Lady'

Lithops gracilidelineata subsp. gracilidelineata var. waldroniae 'Fritz's White Lady'.

Photo © Keith Green.

This was published as a cultivar by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 130. 1998”, originating from Ernst Fritz. Image example: Photograph top left on page 131 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 1988. A stabilised white flowering aberration, with normal body colours and flowers that are smaller than ‘Ernst’s Witkop’.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

'Fullergreen'

Lithops julii subsp. fulleri var. fulleri 'Fullergreen'.

Photo © Bernd Schlösser.

This was published as a cultivar by Professor Desmond Cole in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 150. 1988”. Image example: Photograph mid left on page 150 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 1988. A stabilised grey-green bodied aberration.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

'Gariep Juweel'

Lithops aucampiae subsp. euniceae var. fluminalis 'Gariep Juweel'.

Photo © Keith Green.

This was published as a correction from *‘Jewel of the Gariep’ by Keith Green in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 32(4): 78. (October) 2017”. Earlier In 2017 it was thought that the originator, Mr. Louw Pretorius, had expressed a wish for the title of *‘Jewel of the Gariep’ to be used, but after a correction from *'Green River’ had been published, it was discovered that he had actually wanted to use the Afrikaans version of the name. The “Gariep” is the name used by indigenous people for the Orange River. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph on page 188, figure 6 accompanying the protologue of *‘Green River’, taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A stabilised green bodied aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 (as *'Green River') and subsequently updated in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the links on the right.

*’Gertig’

*L. karasmontana subsp. bella ‘Gertig’. An epithet advertised on social media for “rusty orange” specimens. However, there has been no publication in accordance with the Cultivated Plant Code. An unaccepted epithet.

*’Golden Beryl’

*L. aucampiae subsp. aucampiae var. aucampiae ‘Golden Beryl’. An epithet suggested by Steven Hammer in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 7, p. 65 (1992) for the then developing strain of yellow flowering, green bodied cultivars that become ‘Jackson’s Jade’. Synonym of ‘Jackson’s Jade’.

*’Golden Crown’

*L. ‘Golden Crown’. Whilst plants with this title have been mentioned on social media or the Internet”, specimens depicted appear to be identical to L. julii subsp. fulleri var. fulleri and there has been no formal description. An unaccepted epithet.

'Golden Mane’

Lithops marmorata var. marmorata 'Golden Mane'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 24, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A green bodied var. marmorata with white centred, yellow flowers.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

‘Grain Rain ZW’

Lithops ‘Grain Rain ZW’.

Photo © Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu.

First published by Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu in “A New Pattern and Aberrant Colour Cultivar: Lithops ‘Grain Rain ZW’, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 34(3): 66. (August) 2019”. Image Example: Three photographs accompanying the protologue, figures 34.90 – 34.92 on page 67 taken by the authors. A yellow-green hybrid involving L. bromfieldii var. mennellii with dark surface channels. The epithet is the title of the sixth of 24 solar terms, the last of spring.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*’Gray-Black’

*L. hallii var. hallii ’Gray-Black’. A name used in the 2017 catalogue of the Gunsen-en Nursery in Japan, but not formally described elsewhere. These plants were forerunners of ‘Black-Spiderweb’.

*'Green’

*L. dinteri subsp. multipunctata ‘Green’. Appeared (as not available) on the Frik du Plooy 2015 seed list with no description, numbered F030 (cultivated Shimada). Currently an unaccepted epithet.

*'Green’

*L. terricolor ‘Green’. Appeared on the Frik du Plooy 2015 seed list with no description, numbered F192 "Springbokvlakte", which is the same origin as 'Green Sandpoort'. An unaccepted epithet.

*'Green Attempts'

*L. otzeniana 'Green Attempts'. Seed offered by MESA Garden as "green attempts" numbered 1686.12 has become known by some as *'Green Attempts', which has never been described. In any case the name suggests "an attempt" rather than a stabilisation. An unaccepted epithet.

*’Green Burchellii’

*L. lesliei subsp. burchellii ‘Green Burchellii’. Images of ambiguous green plants reported to be subsp. burchellii have occasionally been seen on social media or the Internet, but there has been no publication. An unaccepted epithet.

‘Green Diamond’

Lithops hermetica ‘Green Diamond’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Professor Desmond Cole and Naureen Cole in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 165. 2005”. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph top page 165 accompanying the protologue. A stabilised green bodied aberration.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones 2005.

*’Green Hooker’

*L. hookeri ‘Green Hooker’. The ‘Green Hooker’ epithet was mentioned as a “provisional coinage” without speech marks by Steven Hammer in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 9, p. 52 (1994), possibly for a single specimen and with no description. An unaccepted epithet.

‘Green Ivory’

Lithops pseudotruncatella subsp. pseudotruncatella var. riehmerae 'Green Ivory'.

Photo © Bernd Schlösser.

First published by Bernd Schlősser in “ 'Green Ivory' A New Lithops Cultivar, Mesemb. Study Group Buletin 29(4): 82. (October) 2014”. Image example: Photograph (Fig 29.108) accompanying the protologue taken by Bernd Schlősser of Dragon, Germany. A green bodied cultivar with a blue or turquoise tint.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*‘Green Kiku’

*L. ‘Green Kiku’. Photographs with this or similar titles have been seen on social media or the Internet and plants appear to be green specimens of ‘Kikusiyo Giyoku’ or ‘Kikukaseki’. However, there has been no formal description or publication, and it appears different crosses have achieved the same end. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

*‘Green River’

*L. aucampiae subsp. euniceae var. fluminalis ‘Green River’. Erroneously named by Keith Green in “Lithops Scrapbook part 1: Cactus World, 25 (4), pp. 185-197 (2007)”, the epithet originating from Steven Hammer of the USA. In 2017 it became apparent that this epithet was used against the wishes of the originator, Mr. Louw Pretorius of South Africa. The correction was published in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 32, p. 47 (2017). Synonym of ‘Jewel of the Gariep’.

’Green Sandpoort’

Lithops terricolor ‘Green Sandpoort’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Bernd Schlösser in “Green Speckles and Green Horns, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 28(4): 87. (October) 2013”. Image example: Photograph of plants accompanying the protologue on p.88, taken by Bernd Schlösser of Germany. A finely speckled green cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

'Green Soapstone'

Lithops hallii var. ochracea 'Green Soapstone'.

Photo © Keith Green.

This was published as a cultivar by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 134-135. 1988”, originating from Mrs M. E. Huysamen. Image example: Photograph bottom right on page 134 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 1988. A stabilised greenish-yellow bodied aberration.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

'Green Stitch'

Lithops julii subsp. fulleri var. rouxii 'Green Stitch'.

Photo © Petr Pavelka.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Lithops, Japan Succulent Society Journal 512: 14. (December) 2018”. Image example: Fig. 10, accompanying the protologue on the back page taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A var. rouxii with radiant green outer patterns.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Green Top’

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei var. lesliei 'Green Top'.

Photo © Petr Pavelka.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 19, accompanying the protologue taken by Petr Pavelka of the Czech republic. A green-bodied, yellow flowering cultivar with narrow margins and wide open windows void of islands.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

*’Greenberg’

*L. gracilidelineata subsp. brandbergensis ‘Greenberg’. Once offered by Vince Formosa of the now defunct “Parkways Lithops” without a description, from seed obtained from Frik du Plooy. Vince Formosa of Leeds (personal comment) once indicated that he intended to use this name for the green bodied aberration of subsp. brandbergensis, but was beaten to it by Steven Hammer. Synonym of ‘Vertigo’.

*’Greenchillii’

A name from Vincent Formosa that appeared without a description in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 13, p. 56 (1998), other than “fact or fiction the truth is out there”. An unaccepted epithet.

'Greenhorn'

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei var. hornii 'Greenhorn'.

Photo © Will du Toit.

Published by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 164. 1988”. Following successful propagation this was accepted and discussed as a cultivar by Steven Hammer in “Lithops - Treasures of the Veld: 96. 1999”. The plants were first noted by Ed Storms of Azle, Texas, USA. Image example: Photograph in my original Lithops Scrapbook notes which are available at (www.scrapbooklithops.com), taken by Kevin Mason of Carmarthen, Wales. A stabilised opaque creamy green bodied aberration.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

*’Gunkanki’

*L. aucampiae subsp. euniceae 'Gunkanki'. *'GUNKANKI' was presented by Tony Sato in World Succulent Plants Colour Illustrated Dictionary 2004 on page 65, together with a photograph Fig 476 and the statement "long lines on the tops; yellow flowers". As L. aucampiae subsp. euniceae naturally has these features, the statement is not descriptive. Synonym of L. aucampiae subsp. euniceae.

'Halo’

Lithops aucampiae subsp. aucampiae var. aucampiae 'Halo'.

Photo © Andy Yang.

First published by Bernd Schlӧsser in “Lithops aucampiae subsp./var. aucampiae ‘Halo’, Avonia 38(4) 328-329. (December) 2020”. Image example: Photograph 1, accompanying the protologue taken by Bernd Schlӧsser of Germany. A cultivar with wide open brown to mauve windows and narrow margins.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*’Hammergray’

*L. meyeri 'Hammergray'. *'HAMMERGRAY' was presented by Tony Sato in World Succulent Plants Colour Illustrated Dictionary 2004 on page 76, together with a photograph Fig 567, and the statement "Gray leaves". As L. meyeri is naturally a grey plant, the statement is not descriptive. Synonym of L. meyeri.

'Hammeruby’

Lithops meyeri 'Hammeruby'.

Photo © Bernd Schlösser.

On the basis of a single specimen, this epithet was published by Professor Desmond Cole in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 173. 1988”, and following successful propagation, accepted and discussed as a cultivar by Steven Hammer in “Lithops - Treasures of the Veld: 89. 1999”. The originators of this cultivar were Steven Brack and Steven Hammer.  Image example: Photograph figure 160 on page 90 of Lithops -Treasures of the Veld 1999, taken by Chris Barnhill of the USA. A stabilised red bodied aberration.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

'Hanabi’

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei var. lesliei 'Hanabi'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 20, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A cultivar with dark windows and orange brown markings. ‘Hanabi’ is a Japanese sparking firework.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

‘Hanawared’

Lithops gesinae var. annae ‘Hanawared’.

Photo © Yasuhiko Shimada.

First published by Yasuhiko Shimada in “International Succulent Institute Japan Newsletter 7(6): 1-2. 2005”. Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue, taken by Yasuhiko Shimada of Japan. A reddish-pink bodied cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

*’Harlekin’

*L. julii subsp. L. julii ’Harlekin’.This is an epithet from the website of the Atomic Plant Nursery in Germany, where a photograph was also shown. Possibly this is a miss-spelling of ‘Harlequin’ (see below), but in any case there has been no publication in accordance with the Cultivated Plant Code. An unaccepted epithet.

‘Harlequin’

Lithops ‘Harlequin’.

Photo © Lindsey Deaves.

First published by Nick Rowlette of Portland, Oregon, USA, in “Lithops for the curious, the collector, and the cultist: 62. 1990”. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph in ‘Lithops scrapbook: part 3’, Cactus World, 26 (2): pp. 81-85, p. 81 figure 1, 2008, taken by Lindsey Deaves of Surrey, England. A “greyish orange-brown” hybrid of L. julii subsp. julii X L. hallii var. ochracea.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

'Hikoruby'

Lithops aucampiae subsp. euniceae var. euniceae 'Hikoruby'.

Photo © Yasuhiko Shimada.

This was published as a cultivar by Professor Desmond Cole and Naureen Cole in “Lithops - Flowering stones: 90. 2005”, originating from Yasuhiko Shimada of Japan. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph bottom right on page 91 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 2005, taken by Yasuhiko Shimada of Japan. The name comes from the breeders Christian name (Yasu)hiko. An orange-red bodied cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

*’Hillii’

*L. herreri ’Hillii’. In 2011 this epithet was presented in cultivar format by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ) on page 217 of Succulents (Volume 2) compiled by Hiroshi Kobayashi and Mitsuo Ekuma. However, as recorded on page 337 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Hillii’ is not distinct from L. geyeri (and is not a form of L. herreri).

'Honey Lips ZW'

Lithops julii subsp. julii 'Honey Lips ZW'.

Photo © Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu.

First published by Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu in “A New Pattern Cultivar: Lithops julii subsp. julii ‘cv. Honey Lips ZW’, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 34(4): 82. (December) 2019”. Image Example: Four photographs accompanying the protologue, figures 34.116 – 34.119 on page 83 taken by the authors. A pallid, blueish-green aberration with enlarged honey coloured “lip smears”, which are usually small patches along both margins of the fissure.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

'Hotlips'

Lithops julii subsp. julii 'Hotlips'.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Steven Hammer of the USA, in “New Cultivars in Lithops, Piante Grasse Speciale 1995. Supplemento al n. 4 di Piante Grasse 15(4): 48, 69. 1996”. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph on page 69 accompanying the protologue. A pallid cultivar with enhanced “lip-smears”, which are small patches along both margins of the fissure.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

*’Inae’

*L. verruculosa ’Inae’. In 2011 this epithet was presented in cultivar format by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ) on page 221 of Succulents (Volume 2) compiled by Hiroshi Kobayashi and Mitsuo Ekuma. However, as recorded on page 337 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Inae’ is not distinct from L. verruculosa var. verruculosa.

*‘Incagold’

*L. lesliei subsp. lesliei var. lesliei ‘Incagold’. Once offered by Vince Formosa of the now defunct “Parkways Lithops” without a description. Vince Formosa of Leeds (personal comment) once indicated that both the plants and *’Incagold’ epithet, were produced by crossing ‘Albinica’ with ‘Storms’s Albinigold’. The resultant plants were green bodied and flowered either white or yellow, being identical to one or other of the parents. White flowers are synonymous with ‘Albinica’ and yellow flowers are synonymous with ‘Storms’s Albinigold’.

'Ironstone'

Lithops karasmontana subsp. bella 'Ironstone’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Tony Irons in “Ironstone Lithops, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 30(2): 48. (April) 2015“. Image example: Photograph of plants on page 50 accompanying the protologue, taken by Tony Irons of the UK. A stabilised cultivar with wide open brown windows and orange brown margins.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

'Jackson’s Jade'

Lithops aucampiae subsp. aucampiae var. aucampiae 'Jackson’s Jade'.

Photo © Eric Collins.

First published by Professor Desmond Cole in “Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 7(4): 87. 1992”, originating from Tim Jackson of the USA. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph bottom right on page 85 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 2005, taken by Tim Jackson of Whitter, California, USA. The name *’Golden Beryl’ was once suggested for this cultivar by Steven Hammer in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 7, page 65, 1992, for the then developing strain of yellow flowering, green bodied aberrations that become ‘Jackson’s Jade’. A stabilised green bodied, yellow flowering aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

*’Jade Green’

*L. dorotheae ‘Jade Green’. Photographs of what appear to be the same green flushed, yellow flowering, single headed L. dorotheae have occasionally been seen on social media or the Internet sporting this epithet. It is however unclear if this is part of a reproducible group, or if there has been any official publication. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

*’Jambouree’

*L. lesliei ‘Jambouree’. Plants with this title have been offered on social media or the Internet, on occasion even as "*L. lesiei 'Jambouree'". Specimens depicted appear to be identical to 'Fred's Redhead', and in any case there has been no publication. An unaccepted epithet.

*’Jane's Red Dog’

*L. lesliei ‘Jane's Red Dog’. This was mentioned by Steven Hammer in the M.S.G. Bulletin 35(1), p.4 (2020), as an already “christened” epithet produced by Jane Evans, and described as being like “quadruply distilled whiskey”. However, no source of publication was stated and a consistent distinction from ‘Fred’s Redhead’ is unclear. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

*’Jaspilite’

*L. aucampiae subsp. aucampiae var. aucampiae ‘Jaspilite’. Occasionally presented as cultivars, some natural specimens give the impression of this beautiful reddish-brown mineral, but are indistinct. An unaccepted epithet.

*’Jeanett's Pearl’

*L. schwantesii subsp. schwantesii var. urikosensis ‘Jeanett's Pearl’. Appeared on the Frik du Plooy October 2011 seed list with no description, next to the name Callie Nel. In the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 23 p.25 (2008) Ken Palmer stated that the white flowering aberration he referred to as ’Witspook’, was once known as *’Jeanett’s Pearl’, but never established as such. An unaccepted epithet.

*’Jenny's White Pearl’

*L. geyeri ‘Jenny's White Pearl’. This epithet together with a photograph of a non-flowering single head appeared on the German website (www.exotengarten-odenwalde.de) as “geyeri (Syn. Hillii) ‘Jenny’s White Pearl’”. However, no description was offered and the epithet does not appear to have been established elsewhere. Other images seen on social media and the Internet appear to be L. marmorata. An unaccepted epithet.

*'Jewel of the Gariep'

*L. aucampiae subsp. euniceae var. fluminalis ‘Jewel of the Gariep’. Erroneously published in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 32(2): 47. (April) 2017” by Keith Green, to correct the previously used epithet *’Green River’. That epithet had been used by Keith Green in “Lithops Scrapbook part 1: Cactus World, 25 (4), pp. 185-197 (2007)”, originating from Steven Hammer of the USA. In 2017 it was thought that the originator, Mr. Louw Pretorius, had expressed a wish for the title of *‘Jewel of the Gariep’ to be used, but after a correction was published, it was discovered that Mr. Pretorius had actually wanted to use the Afrikaans version of the name. Synonym of ‘Gariep Juweel’.

*'Johnson's Pinkish'

*L. marmorata ’Johnson’s Pinkish’. An epithet offered on the website (http://users.skynet.be/fhoes/rsasucculents/) together with a photograph of plants that do not appear distinct from var. marmorata. No written description has been published. An unaccepted epithet.

'Karasbijin’

Lithops karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. karasmontana 'Karasbijin'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Lithops : New Cultivated varieties, Japan Succulent Society Journal, 526: 2. 2021”. Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A stabilised, pale bodied cultivar of var. karasmontana with dark reddish flecks.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Kegon’

Lithops pseudotruncatella subsp. archerae 'Kegon'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 30, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A variegated subsp. archerae.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

*‘Kibana-Mayugatagyoku'

*L. marmorata var. marmorata ‘Kibana-Mayugatagyoku’. An epithet used in Japan for yellow flowering specimens. There has however been no official publication. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

'Kihada Reikogyoku’

Lithops dorotheae 'Kihada Reikogyoku'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 6, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A yellow bodied L. dorotheae.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

‘Kikukaseki’

Lithops ‘Kikukaseki’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by the International Succulent Institute of Japan under the presidency of Hiroshi Kobayashi in “Succulents (Volume 1): 222. (Jan) 2004”, originating from Yasuhiko Shimada. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph accompanying the protologue, taken by Yasuhiko Shimada of Japan. A hybrid of unknown exact parentage with deeply indented brown margins and white flowers.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

‘Kikushogyoku’

Lithops ‘Kikushogyoku’.

Photo © Keith Green.

Lithops ‘Kikushogyoku’. Published as *‘Kikusiyo Giyoku’ by Tony Sato of Japan in “Report of Contest, Japan Succulent Society. 1990 New Year Party in Tokyo, Cactus & Succulent Journal of Japan 4(6): 8. (Feb) 1990”, originating from Kisata Tanaka, and corrected to ‘Kikushogyoku’ by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 46. 2021”. Plants had however been in Japanese cultivation for a number of years prior to 1990. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph accompanying the protologue. A hybrid of unknown exact origin with a chrysanthemum patterned face and white flowers.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

*‘Kikusiyo Giyoku’

L. ‘Kikusiyo Giyoku’. An epithet published by Tony Sato of Japan in “Report of Contest, Japan Succulent Society. 1990 New Year Party in Tokyo, Cactus & Succulent Journal of Japan 4(6): 8. (Feb) 1990”. However, as corrected by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 46. 2021”, the spelling of the epithet was incorrect. Synonym of L. ‘Kikushogyoku’.

*‘Kimbergreen’

*L. lesliei subsp. lesliei var. lesliei ‘Kimbergreen’. This epithet together with a photograph, appeared on the website of Francois Hoes of Belgium (http://users.shynet.be/fhoes/rsasucculents/) in the section entitled “Lithops species pictures list 2007", without a written description. Presumably this is a green bodied manifistation of the "Kimberly Form" of var. lesliei, although the rank of forma or form is not recognised in the Cole monographs. Synonym of 'Storm's Albinigold'.

*’KO aucampiae

*L. 'KO aucampiae'.A title occasionally mentioned on-line or depicted as an open-windowed mauve tinted L. aucampiae now known as ‘Halo’. However, there was never a formal description and in any case the format of the epithet is unacceptable for a cultivar. An unaccepted epithet.

*’Kokerboom’

*L. aucampiae 'Kokerboom'. A title occasionally mentioned on-line or depicted as an open-windowed mauve tinted L. aucampiae. However, there was never a formal description. Synonym of ‘Halo’.

‘Kosogyoku’

Lithops ‘Kosogyoku’.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

Published by Tony Sato of Japan in “Cactus & Succulent Journal of Japan 5(4): 11. (Dec) 1990”, originating from Kisata Tanaka. Plants had however been in Japanese cultivation for a number of years prior to this. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph accompanying the protologue. A hybrid of unknown exact parentage with large white flowers, greyish shoulders and open reddish-brown facial windows.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

*’Kuruman form’

*L. aucampiae ‘Kuruman form’. In 2011 this epithet (including a lower case "f") was presented in cultivar format by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ) on page 215 of Succulents (Volume 2) compiled by Hiroshi Kobayashi and Mitsuo Ekuma. The word "form" is not allowed in cultivar names, and as recorded on page 339 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Kuruman’ is not distinct from L. aucampiae subsp. aucampiae var. aucampiae.

’Lateritia’

Lithops karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. karasmontana 'Lateritia'.

Photo © Eric Collins.

Established by Steven Hammer in “Lithops Treasures of the Veld: 81. 1999”, originating from Kurt Dinter. Image example: Photograph figure 130 on page 78 of Lithops Treasures of the Veld: 2010, taken by Chris Barnhill of the USA. A stabilised solid, brick-red to bright orange faced var. karasmontana. NB. This Latin form epithet is retained as it is based on L. laterita (M.K. Dinter; 1928) which has subsequently become widely known and accepted as a cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

‘Lava Flow’

Lithops ‘Lava Flow’.

Photo © Bernd Schlösser.

First published by Bernd Schlösser in “A New Named Hybrid in Lithops, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 27(1): 27-28. (February) 2012”. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph of plants accompanying the protologue, figure 27.33 on page 27, taken by Bernd Schlösser of, Germany. A hybrid of L. karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. tischeri X L. karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. lericheana that has strong rubrications.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

‘Lerichegreen’

Lithops karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. lericheana ‘Lerichegreen’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Professor Desmond Cole in “A New Aberrant Colour Form (Cultivar), Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 24(2): 31. (April) 2009”, originating from Klasie Geldenhuys. Image example: Photograph of plants accompanying the protologue, taken by Naureen Cole of South Africa. A stabilised green bodied aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*‘Lime Ice’

*L. karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. aiaisensis ‘Lime Ice’. An epithet mentioned in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin V19, P39 (2004) by Steven Hammer, who then had obtained three specimens by chance when trying to raise more specimens of ‘Orange Ice’. It was however never described and no further information is currently available. Currently an unacceptable epithet.

'Limelight'

Lithops julii subsp. fulleri var. fulleri 'Limelight’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Tok Schoeman in “Two New Lithops Cultivars, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 28(4): 76. (October) 2013“. Image example: Photograph of plants accompanying the protologue on p. 77 taken by C. J. (Tok) Schoeman of Windhoek, Namibia. A lime green coloured cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

'Lindsey Deaves'

Lithops coleorum 'Lindsey Deaves’.

Photo © Terry Smale.

First published by Terry Smale in “’Foggy Dew’ and ‘Lindsey Deaves’, two new mesemb cultivars, Cactus World 38(4): 292. (December) 2020”, originating from Lindsey Deaves of Leatherhead, UK. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph Fig. 3 accompanying the protologue taken by Terry Smale of Epsom Downs, UK. A cultivar with an overall purple or pinkish flush. The epithet honours the late Lindsey Deaves.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*’Littlewoodii’

*L. julii ‘Littlewoodii’. This Latin based epithet appeared in the 2013 on-line catalogue of Conos Paradise numbered L63, but without a description. An unaccepted epithet.

*’Maculate’

*L. optica ‘Maculate’. This epithet was unintentionally published in cultivar format (personal comment) by Terry Smale in the “Seed Distribution List” of the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 24(1) pp.3-4 (2009), numbered 2392. This is a non-distinct local form of L. optica (see page 340 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005).

'Mado-Chieruby’

Lithops aucampiae subsp. euniceae var. fluminalis 'Mado-Chieruby'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 3, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. An orange-red bodied cultivar with dark, wide open windows.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

*’Mado-Maraisii’

*L. lesliei subsp. lesliei var. venteri ‘Mado-Maraisii’. A form developed by Yasuhiko Shimada of the Gunsen-en Nursery in Japan, listed there and published in Japan Succulent Society Journal, 527: 3. 2021, but after the 2020 publication of ‘Black Top’. Synonym of ‘Black Top’.

'Mado-Shugengyoku’

Lithops karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. lericheana 'Mado-Shugengyoku'.

Photo © Petr Pavelka.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 17, accompanying the protologue taken by Petr Pavelka of the Czech republic. A cultivar with open brown windows and a pinkish plant body.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Mado-Yogetugyoku’

Lithops aucampiae subsp. euniceae var. fluminalis 'Mado-Yogetugyoku'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 4, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A var. fluminalis with dark open windows.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Malachite'

Lithops salicola 'Malachite'.

Photo © Kevin Hill.

This was published as a cultivar by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 193. 1988”, originating from Johann van Schalkwyk. Image example: Photograph of plant on page 193 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 1988. A stabilised green bodied aberration.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

*‘Malasoap’

*L. ‘Malasoap’. An epithet mentioned by Lindsey Deaves on page 53 of the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 27 (2012). In her article Lindsey assumes this to be a hybrid of L. hallii var. ochracea ‘Green Soapstone’ and L. salicola ‘Malachite’ that originated from Steven Hammer in 1992. No definitive description or photograph was given. Currently an unacceptable epithet.

*‘Mangans’

* L. aucampiae subsp. aucampiae var. aucampiae ’Mangans’. One of a myriad of unsubstantiated and unpublished titles occasionally seen on social media or the Internet. An unaccepted epithet

*‘Manyading’

**L. aucampiae ’Manyading’. The 2019 MESA Garden website offered “cv ‘manyading'” with the description “very nice dark windows”. However, the format and publication medium are unacceptable and the plants appear to be a natural variant. *’Manyading’ is not distinct from L. aucampiae subsp. aucampiae var. aucampiae.

*’Maraisii

*L. lesliei ’Maraisii’. At a botanical level, and as recorded on page 334 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Maraisii’ is not distinct from L. lesliei subsp. lesliei var. venteri. Although subsequently presented (for specimens with wide open dark faces) in cultivar format by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ) on page 218 of Succulents (Volume 2) compiled by Hiroshi Kobayashi and Mitsuo Ekuma in 2011, the Latin based *'Maraisii’ name was not sufficiently well known so as to justify use as a cultivar epithet. The epithet ‘Black Top’ was established for such specimens in 2020. Synonym of ‘Black Top’.

*’Margarethae

*L. vallis-mariae ’Margarethae’. In 2011 this epithet was presented in cultivar format by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ) on page 221 of Succulents (Volume 2) compiled by Hiroshi Kobayashi and Mitsuo Ekuma. However, as recorded on page 340 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Margarethae’ is not distinct from L. vallis-mariae.

'Mariagreen’

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei var. mariae 'Mariagreen'.

Photo © Petr Pavelka.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 23, accompanying the protologue taken by Petr Pavelka of the Czech Republic. A yellow-green bodied var. mariae with normal yellow flowers.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

‘Matchless Green’

Lithops pseudotruncatella  subsp. pseudotruncatella var. pseudotruncatella ‘Matchless Green’.

Protologue photograph.

First published by Hilde Mouton & Frikkie Mouton in “‘Matchless Green’ – A New Lithops Cultivar, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 37(1): 11. (June) 2022”. Nomenclatural Standard: Photograph Fig. 37.16 on p. 12, taken by the authors. A yellowish-green bodied cultivar of var. pseudotruncatella.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

*’Mickbergensis’

*L. karasmontana ‘Mickbergensis’. This Latin based epithet was unintentionally published in cultivar format (personal comment) by Terry Smale in the “Seed Distribution List” of the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 24(1) pp.3-4 (2009), numbered 2388. Further, and as recorded on page 341 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Mickbergensis’ is not distinct from L. karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. karasmontana.

‘Midori-Otsue’

Lithops otzeniana ‘Midori-Otsue’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Lithops : New cultivated varieties, Japan Succulent Society Journal, 526 : 3. 2021”. Image example: Bottom fig p. 50 of “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”, taken by Petr Pavelka of the Czech Republic. A yellow-green bodied cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

‘Moss Agate’

Lithops ‘Moss Agate’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Jonathan Clark in “'Moss Agate' - A New Lithops Hybrid Cultivar, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 23(2): 31-33. (April) 2008”. Image example: Photograph of plants accompanying the protologue, taken by Jonathan Y. Clark of Bracknell, England. A hybrid of L. meyeri X L. geyeri that is L. meyeri shaped but darkened in the windows.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*‘Mundtii’

*L. pseudotruncatella ’Mundtii’. In 2011 this epithet was presented in cultivar format by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ) on page 219 of Succulents (Volume 2) compiled by Hiroshi Kobayashi and Mitsuo Ekuma. However, as recorded on page 333 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Mundtii’ is not distinct from L. pseudotruncatella subsp. pseudotruncatella var. pseudotruncatella.

*'Murasaki'

*L. otzeniana 'Murasaki'. A photo with this title was shown on (www.geocities.jp/axxrd09/otzeniana.htm). Whilst “murasaki” translates from Japanese into English as “purple”, the plant shown was not distinct and there has been no official publication. An unaccepted epithet.

'Murasaki-Kikukaseki'

Lithops 'Murasaki-Kikukaseki'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Bottom fig. p. 48, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A purple bodied L. ‘Kikukaseki’.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Murasaki-Kikushogyoku'

Lithops 'Murasaki-Kikushogyoku'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Top fig p. 48, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A purple bodied L. ‘Kikushogyoku’.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

*’Murasaki-Kosogyoku’

*L. ‘Murasaki-Kosogyoku’. An epithet reported by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special 2, pp. 30-50 (2021)”. Selective crosses of L. salicola ’Sato’s Violet’, L. julii subsp. fulleri, L. ‘Kosogyoku’ and possibly others, were used to produce a virtual, purple bodied L. ‘Kosogyoku’ at the Gunsen-en Nursery in Japan . The resultant hybrids however cannot be distinguished from L. salicola ‘Sato’s Violet’, which is one of the parent plants. An unaccepted epithet.

*‘Nelii’

*L. ruschiorum ’Nelii’. In 2011 this epithet was presented in cultivar format by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ) on page 220 of Succulents (Volume 2) compiled by Hiroshi Kobayashi and Mitsuo Ekuma. However, as recorded on page 342 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Nelii’ is not distinct from L. ruschiorum var. ruschiorum.

'Nine Rivers ZW’

Lithops julii 'Nine Rivers ZW’.

Photo © Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu.

First published by Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu in “A New Pattern Cultivar: Lithops Julii ‘Nine Rivers ZW', Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 35(1): 21. (February) 2020”. Image Example: Six photographs accompanying the protologue, figures 35.26 – 35.31 on page 3 taken by Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu of China. A yellow-green cultivar with carved-effect boarders and lip smears. The epithet honours the Chinese Emperor Yu who had nine rivers dug around 2000 B.C. to avert a great flood.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

'Noemie's Kiwi’

Lithops bromfieldii var. bromfieldii 'Noemie's Kiwi’.

Photo © Ronny Feng.

First published by Ronny Feng in “’Noemie’s Kiwi’; A New Lithops Cultivar, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 31(4): 98. (October) 2016”. Image example: Photograph of plants accompanying the protologue taken by Ronny Feng of Qingdao City, China. Named after Mr. Feng's daughter, Noemie. A stabilised green bodied aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*’Nugget’

*L. aucampiae subsp. aucampiae var. aucampiae ‘Nugget’. This epithet appeared in the 2013 on-line catalogue of Conos Paradise numbered L2-79, but without a description. An unaccepted epithet.

'Nutwerk’

Lithops schwantesii subsp. schwantesii var. urikosensis 'Nutwerk’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Steven Hammer in “Lithops - Treasures of the Veld: 132-133. 1999”. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph in ‘Lithops Scrapbook part 1’, Cactus World, 25 (4): pp. 185-197 p. 196 figure 23, 2007, taken by Clive Green of New Malden, England. A dark reticulate patterned cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

'Nuwa Stone ZW’

Lithops ‘Nuwa Stone ZW’.

Photo © Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu.

First published by Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu in “A new pattern cultivar: Lithops N.E.Br. 'Nuwa Stone ZW', Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 34 (1): 08. (February) 2019”. Image Example: Six photographs accompanying the protologue, figures 34.35 – 34.40 on page 18, taken by the authors. A stabilised hybrid between L. pseudotruncatella subsp./var. pseudotruncatella and an unknown father, that combines vivid rubrications, unusual patterns and a purple leaf tone to varying degrees. The epithet commemorates an “ancient legend” concerning the goddess Nuwa who is said to have “patched the sky with multi-coloured stones”.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

‘Opalina’

Lithops karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. karasmontana ‘Opalina’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Terry Smale in “Seed Distribution List, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 28(1) pp. 5-7 (2013)”. Although unintentional, the publication was valid in this specific instance because the form was already widespread and very well known in cultivation. Image example: Photograph figure 132 on page 78 of Lithops Treasures of the Veld: 2010, taken by Chris Barnhill of the USA. A stabilised pale grey and immaculate var. karasmontana. (In a botanical sense “immaculate” means “uniformly coloured without spots or other marks” (Concise Oxford English Dictionary, 2006, p. 711.) ) NB. This Latin form epithet is retained as it is based on L. opalina (M.K. Dinter; 1927) which has subsequently become widely known and accepted as a cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*’Open Window’

*L. aucampiae ‘Open Window’. An unpublished, open windowed form grown by Steven Hammer. An unaccepted epithet.

'Opticagold’

Lithops optica 'Opticagold'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 26, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A yellow flowering L. optica with normal colour plant bodies.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

*’Orange’

*L. karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. aiaisensis ‘Orange’. One of a myriad of unsubstantiated and unpublished titles occasionally seen on social media or the Internet. An unaccepted epithet.

‘Orange Ice’

Lithops karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. aiaisensis ‘Orange Ice’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Terry Smale in “Seed Distribution 2007, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 22(1): 18. 2007”, originating from Steven Hammer. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph in ' Lithops Scrapbook part 2’, Cactus World, 26 (1): pp. 21-27 p.25, figure 10, 2008, taken by Terry Smale of Surrey, England. An orange faced cultivar with the profile of var. aiaisensis.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

'Orihime’

Lithops villetii subsp. deboeri 'Orihime'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 33, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A yellow flowering subsp. deboeri.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

*'Pale Yellow Flower'

*L. marmorata var. marmorata 'Pale Yellow Flower'. Appeared on the Frik du Plooy 1997 seed list with no description, numbered F130a (ex Fritz). An unaccepted epithet.

*’Pallida’

*L. julii ‘Pallida’. This Latin based epithet was unintentionally published in cultivar format (personal comment) by Terry Smale in the “Seed Distribution List” of the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 28(1) pp.5-7 (2013), numbered 2797. Further, and as recorded on page 343 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Pallida’ is not distinct from L. julii subsp. julii.

'Paw Pads’

Lithops gracilidelineata subsp. gracilidelineata var. gracilidelineata 'Paw Pads'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021. Image example: Fig. 8, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A monstrous multi-lobed cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

‘Pearl Blush’

Lithops divergens var. divergens ‘Pearl Blush’.

Photo © Emile Heunis.

First published by Steven Hammer in “Lithops Treasures of the Veld 2nd Edition: 117. 2010”, originating from Emile Heunis of South Africa. Image example: Photograph figure 238 on page 120 of Lithops - Treasures of the Veld 2010, taken by Emile Heunis of South Africa. A stabilised white flowering aberration, sometimes with pink petal tips.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*’Peersii’

*L. terricolor ’Peersii’. In 2011 this epithet was presented in cultivar format by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ) on page 221 of Succulents (Volume 2) compiled by Hiroshi Kobayashi and Mitsuo Ekuma. However, as recorded on page 343 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Peersii’ is not distinct from L. terricolor.

'Peppermint Crēme'

Lithops julii subsp. julii 'Peppermint Crēme'.

Photo © Eric Collins.

On the basis of a single specimen, this epithet was published by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 148. 1988”. Following successful propagation this was accepted and discussed as a cultivar by Steven Hammer in “Lithops - Treasures of the Veld: 77. 1999”. The originator of this cultivar was Lettie Pretorius. Image example: Photograph page 148 in Lithops - Flowering Stones 1988. A stabilised milky bluish-green bodied aberration of the "pallid form".
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

'Pepper Pot'

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei var. venteri 'Pepper Pot'.

Photo © Andy Yang.

First published by Andy Yang in “Andy’s Lithops Handbook 2021: 81. 2020”. Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue taken by Andy Yang of Yuxi City, China. A stabilised var. venteri with multiple small dark spots on a light face.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*‘Peridot’

*L. coleorum ‘Peridot’. A suggested epithet mentioned by Lindsey Deaves on page 96 of the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 26 (2011) for a “fine green form of L. coleorum... in the collection of Keith Green”. Currently an unacceptable epithet.

'Pietersgreen'

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei var. lesliei 'Pietersgreen'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 22, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A dull green and buff coloured cultivar with a rounded profile.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Pietersruby'

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei var. lesliei 'Pietersruby'.

Photo © Petr Pavelka.

First published by Mr. Tetsuro Ikeda in “Lithops lesliei 'Pietersruby', I.S.I.J. Newsletter 20 (10): 4. (October) 2017”, originating from Mr. Sakai of the Nara Succulent Research Centre. Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue taken by Tetsuro Ikeda of Japan. A cultivar with wide channels, dark to deep red colours and a rounded profile.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*'Pink’

*L. gesinae var. gesinae ‘Pink’. Appeared on the Frik du Plooy 2015 seed list with no description, numbered F045. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

*'Pink’

*L. julii subsp. julii "Little Woodii" ‘Pink’. Appeared on the Frik du Plooy 2015 seed list with no description, numbered F087.1. An unaccepted epithet.

*’Pink’

*L. lesliei subsp. lesliei var. lesliei ‘Pink’. One of a myriad of unsubstantiated and unpublished titles occasionally seen on social media or the Internet. An unaccepted epithet.

*'Pink'

*L. otzeniana 'Pink'. A photo with this title was shown on (www.geocities.jp/axxrd09/otzeniana.htm). However, it is not clear how this is distinct from other specimens, and there appears to have been no official publication. An unaccepted epithet.

*‘Pink Flower’

*L. karasmontana subsp. eberlanzii ‘Pink Flower’. Appeared on the Frik du Plooy 1997 seed list with no description, numbered F103-1. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

*‘Pink Localis’

*L. localis 'Pink Localis'. *'PINK LOCALIS' was presented by Tony Sato in World Succulent Plants Colour Illustrated Dictionary 2004 on page 75, together with a photograph Fig 556, and the statement "Red leaves: mutant". However, among other irregularities the photograph appears to show a normal L. terricolor. Synonym of L. terricolor.

*‘Pink Marmo’

*L. marmorata 'Pink Marmo'. *'PINK MARMO' was presented by Tony Sato in World Succulent Plants Colour Illustrated Dictionary 2004 on page 75, together with a photograph Fig 563, and the statement "Pink leaves". However, the photograph appears to show an overwatered plant suffering from sun-stress. Synonym of L. marmorata.

*‘Pinkies’

*L. naureeniae 'Pinkies'. Bright pinkish-mauve specimens of L. naureeniae appeared among plants grown by Sebastian Lee who sent material to Steven Hammer of the USA for further propagation. However, no description has been published. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

‘Pinky’

Lithops terricolor ‘Pinky’.

Photo © Bernd Schlösser.

First published by Bernd Schlösser in “Lithops terricolor 'Pinky', Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 23(2): 43. (April) 2008”, originating from Klaus Ingenwepelt of Germany. Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue, taken by Bernd Schlösser of Germany. A pink faced cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*’Poisonous Lips’

*L. ‘Poisonous Lips’. Whilst quite distinct plants with this title have been mentioned and depicted on social media or the Internet, the stability of the features is uncertain and there has been no valid publication. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

'Polepsky Smaragd'

Lithops marmorata var. marmorata 'Polepsky Smaragd'.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Petr Pavelka in “Desatero Lithops (1), Cactaceae, etc. 6(1): 24, 26. 1996”. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph accompanying the protologue, taken by Petr Pavelka of the Czech Republic. ‘Polepsky Smaragd’ is the accepted name for *‘Chartreuse’ which was erroneously published by Steven Hammer in Piante Grasse Speciale 1995. The ‘Polepsky’ part of the epithet refers to the town Polepy where the plants were selected by Vladimir Vojacek, and ‘Smaragd’ is Czech for “emerald”. A stabilised green bodied aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

*’Prince Albert’

*L. terricolor ‘Prince Albert’. This local, non-distinct form of L. terricolor, occasionally presents as a cultivar, sometimes under *L. localis. As recorded on page 343 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Prince Albert’ is not distinct from L. terricolor.

*‘Pulmonuncula’

*L. pseudotruncatella subsp. dendritica ’Pulmonuncula’. In 2011 this epithet was presented in cultivar format by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ) on page 220 of Succulents (Volume 2) compiled by Hiroshi Kobayashi and Mitsuo Ekuma. However, as recorded on page 343 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Pulmonuncula’ is not distinct from L. pseudotruncatella subsp. dendritica.

*‘Pure Colour’

*L. karasmontana ’Pure Colour’. The caption beneath an image on page 172 of Lithops in Habitat and Cultivation by RA Earlẻ & JE Round (2021) was suggestive of an orange faced cultivar. Whilst this example of natural variation may indeed be known locally as *’Pure Colour’, is not a cultivar. An unaccepted epithet.

‘Purper’

Lithops karasmontana subsp. eberlanzii ‘Purper’.

Photo © Bernd Schlösser.

First published by Bernd Schlösser in “A New Red Lithops Cultivar, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 26(3): 57. (July) 2011”, originating from Frik du Plooy of South Africa. Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue, taken by Bernd Schlösser of Germany. A stabilised mauve-purple bodied aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

‘Purple Haze’

Lithops schwantesii subsp. schwantesiii var. schwantesiii ‘Purple Haze’.

Photo © Andreas Laras.

First published by Andreas Laras in “Lithops schwantesii subsp. schwantesii var. schwantesii ‘Purple Haze’, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 34(4): 82. (December) 2019”. Nomenclatural Standard: Fig. 34.112, accompanying the protologue taken by Andreas Laras of Athens, Greece. A stabilised purple-mauve bodied aberration with pink margins.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*‘Purple Kikukaseki’

*L. ‘Purple Kikukaseki’. This is rumoured to be a hybrid between L. ‘Kikukaseki’ and L. salicola ‘Sato’s Violet’. Although specimens have been so traded, there appears to have been no formal establishment. It should be noted however that “purple” translates from English to “murasaki” in Japanese. Synonym of 'Murasaki-Kikukaseki'.

*‘Purple Kikushogyoku

*L. ‘Purple Kikushogyoku’. This is rumoured to be a hybrid between L. ‘Kikushogyoku’ and L. salicola ‘Sato’s Violet’. Although multiple specimens have been so traded, there appears to have been no formal establishment. It should be noted however that “purple” translates from English to “murasaki” in Japanese. Synonym of ’Murasaki-Kikushogyoku’.

*‘Purple Kosogyoku’

*L. ‘Purple Kosogyoku’. This is rumoured to be a hybrid between L. ‘Kosogyoku’ and L. salicola ‘Sato’s Violet’. Although specimens looking like ‘Sato’s Violet’ have been made available by the Shimada family of Japan, there appears to have been no formal establishment. An unaccepted epithet.

*‘Purple Shell’

*L. ‘Purple Shell’. This is rumoured to be a hybrid between L. 'Kikushogyoku’, and L. salicola ‘Sato’s Violet’. Although multiple specimens have been seen in the greenhouse of the Shimada family in Japan (with the given title of *’Purple Kikushogyoku’), there appears to have been no formal establishment. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

*'Red’

*L. hookeri var. marginata ‘Red’. Appeared on the website http://mesagarden.com/ catalogued as #1616.62 with an indistinct photograph. In any case no description has been published. An unaccepted epithet.

*'Red’

*L. karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. leicheana ‘Red’. Appeared on the 1997 Frik du Plooy seed list as F100.1a, said to be from “C329(a) 70km north of Karasburg”, and again (listed as not available) on the Frik du Plooy 2015 seed list. However, on neither occasion was a description given, and it should also be noted “C329(a)“ is neither a Cole number nor an accepted format for one. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

‘Red Coral’

Lithops bromfieldii 'Red Coral'.

Photo © Szabó László.

First published by Szabó László in “Lithops Bromfieldii 'Red Coral', Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 33(2): 44. (May) 2018”. Image example: Four photographs of plants accompanying the protologue, figures 33.55– 33.58 on page 45 taken by Szabó László of Hungary. A stabilised cultivar with pronounced red facial lines.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*'Red Kiku’

*L.‘Red Kiku’. Although specimens bearing this epithet have been traded from Korea, the history of this presumed hybrid is unclear and there has been no formal publication. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

'Red Olive'

Lithops olivacea var. nebrownii 'Red Olive'.

Photo © Bernd Schlösser.

Proposed by Steven Hammer in“Cultivated Cultivars, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 9(3): 51. 1994.”, and published by Steven in “A note on Lithops olivacea var. nebrownii cv. ‘Red Olive’, Piante Grasse Speciale 1995. Supplemento al n. 4 di Piante Grasse 15(4): 50, 72. 1996”. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph accompanying the protologue. A stabilised red bodied aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

'Red Phoenix’

Lithops dorotheae 'Red Phoenix'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Lithops : New Cultivated varieties, Japan Succulent Society Journal, 526: 2. 2021”. Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A red flushed, open windowed L. dorotheae with branched rubrications.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Red Planet'

Lithops hookeri 'Red Planet'.

Photo © Lorenzo Stocco.

First published by Lorenzo Stocco and Alfonso G. Trudu in “Two New Cultivars From Italy: Lithops bromfieldii ‘Desert River’ and Lithops hookeri ‘Red Planet’, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 36(2): 34-35. (August) 2021”. Image example: Photograph of plants accompanying the protologue, figures 36.50-36.53 on page 37 taken by Lorenzo Stocco of of Loria, Treviso, Italy. A pinkish-red bodied L. hookeri. NB. Both var. hookeri and var. lutea are believed to be involved in the creation of this cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

‘Red Reticulata’

Lithops julii subsp. julii ‘Red Reticulata'.

Photo © Bernd Schlösser.

First published by the International Succulent Institute of Japan under the presidency of Hiroshi Kobayashi in “Succulents (Volume 1): 219. 2004”. Image example: Photograph of plants accompanying the protologue. A red reticulated patterned cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*'Red-Violet’

*L. julii ‘Red-Violet’. Although it seems likely specimens and seed bearing this epithet exist in Korea, details are sketchy at best and there has been no formal publication. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

*'Rhona’

*L. karasmontana subsp. bella ‘Rhona’. Appeared on the Frik du Plooy 2015 seed list with no description, numbered F102.2. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

*'Rhubarb’

*L. lesliei ‘Rhubarb’. A name occasionally seen on seeds lists or mentioned in social media in association with Steven Hammer. However, it is unclear how this differs from other types of L. lesliei and there has been no valid publication. Currently an unacceptable epithet.

‘Rosary’

Lithops karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. karasmontana ‘Rosary’.

Protologue photograph.

First published by Tony Sato in “Cactus & Succulent journal of Japan 12(3): 16. (Nov) 1997”. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph accompanying the protologue by Tony Sato of Japan, reproduced in ‘Lithops Scrapbook part 2’, Cactus World, 26(1): pp. 21-27 p.26, figure 11, 2008. A cultivar with multiple leaf sets.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

'Rose of Texas'

Lithops verruculosa var. verruculosa 'Rose of Texas'.

Photo © Debra Green.

First published by Steven Hammer in “New Cultivars in Lithops, Piante Grasse Speciale 1995. Supplemento al n. 4 di Piante Grasse 15(4): 49. 1995”, originating from Ed Storms of Azle, Texas, USA. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph figure 194 on page 100 in Lithops - Treasures of the Veld, taken by Chris Barnhill of the USA. A uniformly rose-red flowered cultivar with either a normal or green body colour.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

*’Ruberoid’

An epithet mentioned by Vince Formosa of Leeds, England, in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 13, p56 (1998) without any description. Vince Formosa of Leeds (personal comment) once indicated that this was a name he invented for red bodied, yellow flowering specimens of L. optica ‘Rubra’, and that he neither had the plants nor reliable knowledge of them at that time. An unaccepted epithet.

'Rubra'

Lithops optica 'Rubra'.

Photo © Alain Sutton.

This was published as a cultivar by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 178-179. 1988”, originating from Hindrik de Boer of Holland. Image example: Photograph bottom right on page 178 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 1988. A stabilised red bodied, white flowering aberration. NB. This Latin form epithet is retained as it is based on L. optica var. rubra (A. Tischer; 1926) which has subsequently become widely known and accepted as a cultivar.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

‘Rubragold’

Lithops optica ‘Rubragold’.

Photo © Tok Schoeman.

First published by Desmond and Naureen Cole in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 251. 2005”, originating from Yasuhiko Shimada of Japan. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph top right accompanying the protologue, taken by Yasuhiko Shimada. A stabilised red bodied, yellow flowered aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

'Rubra Henge’

Lithops optica 'Rubra Henge'.

Photo © Petr Pavelka.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 10, accompanying the protologue taken by Petr Pavelka of the Czech Republic. A monstrous, red bodied, multi-clumping cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

*’Rubroroseus’

*L. bromfieldii var. glaudinae ‘Rubroroseus’. Offered by Frik du Plooy on his 1997 seed list without a description, for excessively red specimens. Latinised epithets not previously published in accordance with the International Code for algae, fungi and plants (ICN) are not to be used for new cultivars, and this epithet is only included here as it has persisted with some growers. Synonym of ‘Embers’.

*’Ruby’

*L. karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. tisheri ‘Ruby’. A name from the Frik du Plooy seed list advertised as “F101.1. (Cultivated Shimada)”. Even as var. tischeri however, there has been no publication in accordance with the Cultivated Plant Code. An unaccepted epithet.

‘Ruby’

Lithops optica ‘Ruby’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Nick Rowlette in “Lithops for the Curious, the Collector and the Cultist: 50. 1990”. Image example: Photograph FSG21 of plants in Lithops Archive (2010) [CD-ROM] Available: C.B. Dugdale / N. Rowlette (also available in Lithops Scrapbook II (www.scrapbooklithops.com)). A stabilised red bodied white flowering aberration of rapid growth.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

‘Rudesheim Ruby’

Lithops aucampiae subsp. aucampiae var. aucampiae ‘Rudesheim Ruby’.

Photo © Kevin Mason.

First published (under the presidency of Hiroshi Kobayashi) by Yashiko Shimada in the International Succulent Institute of Japan book, “Succulents (Volume 1): 217. 2004”, originating from Jossie Brandt of South Africa. Image example: photograph of plants accompanying the protologue. ‘Rudesheim Ruby’ is the accepted epithet for *‘Firebrandt’ which was erroneously used by Keith Green in “Two new Lithops cultivars, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 21(2): 42, 2006”, before he realised the originator of this cultivar, Jossie Brandt of South Africa, had expressed a wish for it to be called ‘Rudesheim Ruby’. A corrective article appeared in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 25, p. 105(2010). A red bodied cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 (as *'Firebrandt') and subsequently updated in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the links on the right.

'Sage Sun's Hairs -ZW-'

Lithops lesliei 'Sage Sun's Hairs -ZW-'.

Photo © Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu.

First published by Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu in “A New Caespitose Cultivar: Lithops N.E.Br. Lesliei (N.E.Br.) N.E.Br. ‘Sage Sun’s Hairs @ZW’, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin: 29(2): 43. (April) 2014”. Nomenclatural Standard: Composite photograph of plants accompanying the protologue, figure 29.52 on page 42. Following consultation with the authors (husband and wife) the original epithet (*'SAGE SUN'S HAIRS @ZW') was corrected (see 'Cactus talk': New Lithops Cultivar registrations', Cactus World, 33 (2), p. 129), to conform to the rules of the Cultivated Plant Code (see Articles 21.18., 21.19. and 21.3. of the October 2009 edition). This epithet derives from a character in Chinese traditional literature called Sun Wukong, who could make copies of himself from each of his hairs. A rapidly clustering cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

'Sakkie's Green’

Lithops hallii var. hallii 'Sakkie's Green'.

Photo © Andy Yang.

Established by Andy Yang in “Establishing Lithops hallii ‘Sakkie’s Green’, Avonia 39(1): 54-55. (March) 2021”, originating from Sakkie Saaiman of South Africa. Image example: Fig. 2, accompanying the protologue taken by Andy Yang of China. A stabilised green bodied aberration with small islands and distinct margins.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*’Sakkie's Green Monstrose’

*L. hallii var. hallii ‘Sakkie's Green Monstrose’. A greenish form of var. hallii with wart-like facial growths was reported by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special 2, pp. 30-50 (2021)”. The features however are not stable. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

*’Salicola Reticulata Gray’

*L. hallii var. hallii ’Salicola Reticulata Gray’. A name used between 2000 & 2016 in the Japanese Gunsen-en Nursery catalogue, but not formally described elsewhere. These plants were forerunners of ‘Black-Spiderweb’.

'Sandstorm’

Lithops verruculosa var. verruculosa 'Sandstorm'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Lithops : New Cultivated varieties, Japan Succulent Society Journal, 526: 3. 2021”. Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A cultivar of var. verruculosa with a seemingly sandy face.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Sato’s Violet'

Lithops salicola 'Sato’s Violet'.

Photo © Bernd Schlösser.

First published by Yasuhiko Shimada in “The genus Lithops: 172-173. 2001”, originating from Tony Sato. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph in ‘Lithops Scrapbook part 1’, Cactus World, 25 (4): pp. 185-197, page 195, figure 21, 2007, taken by Tutomu (Tony) Sato of Fukusima City, Japan. ‘Sato’s Violet’ is the accepted epithet for *‘Bacchus’ which was erroneously published by Steven Hammer on page 132 of Lithops - Treasures of the Veld 1999, before he realised the originator had expressed a wish to use the epithet ‘Sato’s Violet’. A stabilised lilac-purple bodied aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

*’Scarlet’

*L. lesliei var. lesliei ‘Scarlet’. Plants with this title have been shown and offered on social media or the Internet, but without a written description. They appear identical to some specimens of ‘Fred’s Redhead’, and in any case there has been no publication. An unaccepted epithet.

'Scarlet’

Lithops verruculosa var. glabra 'Scarlet’.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 32, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A cultivar of var. glabra with red flowers.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Shagreen'

Lithops schwantesii subsp. schwantesii var. rugosa 'Shagreen'.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Terry Smale in “Seed Distribution 2013, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 28(1): 7. (January) 2013”, originating from Steven Hammer of the USA. Image example: Photographs in Lithops Scrapbook II available at (www.scrapbooklithops.com), taken by Tok Schoeman of Windhoek, Namibia. A stabilised green bodied aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

'Shimada's Apricot'

Lithops hookeri var. marginata 'Shimada's Apricot'.

Photo © Yasuhiko Shimada.

First published by Yasuhiko Shimada in “A New Lithops Cultivar, Cactus and Succulent Journal (US) 72(6): 302 (1 Dec). 2000”. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph accompanying the protologue and in The Genus Lithops,Shimada (2001. 122), taken by Yasuhiko Shimada of Japan. A bright plum-red bodied cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

'Shinano Gold Moon’

Lithops bromfieldii var. mennellii 'Shinano Gold Moon'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Japan Succulent Society Journal, 527: 3. 2021”. Image example: Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A light yellow-green bodied var. mennellii.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

*’Shiro Bentengyoku’

*L. lesliei subsp. lesliei var. venteri ‘Shiro Bentengyoku’. A form developed by Yasuhiko Shimada of the Gunsen-en Nursery in Japan, listed there and published in Japan Succulent Society Journal, 527: 3. 2021, but after the 2020 publication of ‘Pepper Pot'. Synonym of ‘Pepper Pot’.

*’Signalberg’

*L. karasmontana ‘Signalberg’. This epithet was unintentionally published in cultivar format (personal comment) by Terry Smale in the “Seed Distribution List” of the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 23(1) pp.23-25, (2008), numbered 2279 but without a description. Further, and as recorded on page 345 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Signalberg’ is not distinct from L. karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. karasmontana.

‘Silver Reed’

Lithops ruschiorum var. ruschiorum ‘Silver Reed’.

Photo © D.T. & N.A. Cole.

First published by Professor Desmond Cole and Naureen Cole in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 274-275. 2005”. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph bottom left on page 274 accompanying the protologue. A stabilised white flowering aberration with normal body colours. NB. Although the protologue makes reference to only 1 plant, the photograph clearly shows a reproducible group.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones 2005.

'Silver Spurs'

Lithops terricolor 'Silver Spurs'.

Photo © Bernd Schlösser.

On the basis of a single specimen, this epithet was published by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 202. 1988”. Following successful propagation this was accepted and discussed as a cultivar by Steven Hammer in “Lithops - Treasures of the Veld: 87. 1999”, but under the species name of localis (which Steven Hammer considers to be the correct species name). The originator of this cultivar was Johann van Schalkwyk. Image example: Photograph bottom right on page 202 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 1988. A white flowering cultivar.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

‘Silwersalm’

Lithops ‘Silwersalm’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Tok Schoeman in “Two New Lithops Cultivars, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 28(4): 76. (October) 2013". Image example: Photograph of plants accompanying the protologue on p. 77 taken by C. J. (Tok) Schoeman of Windhoek, Namibia. A pink patterned hybrid with white flowers.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*'Sinshu Murasaki'

*L. otzeniana 'Sinshu Murasaki'. A photo with this title was shown on (www.geocities.jp/axxrd09/otzeniana.htm). However, it is not clear how this is distinct from other specimens, and there appears to have been no official publication. An unaccepted epithet.

*‘Smokey Peach’

*L. karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. lericheana ‘Smokey Peach’. Once offered by Vincent Formosa of the now defunct “Parkways Lithops” without a description. Currently an unacceptable epithet.

‘Snow Fog’

Lithops gracilidelineata subsp. gracilidelineata var. gracilidelineata ‘Snow Fog’.

Photo © David Kao.

First published by David Kao in “Lithops 'Snow Fog', A New Cultivar From China, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 30(1): 17. (January) 2015”. Nomenclatural Standard: Photograph (Fig 30.13) accompanying the protologue, taken by David Kao of Taiwan. An orange and white cultivar with lightning-bolt facial markings.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

‘South Lake ZW'

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei ‘South Lake ZW’.

Photo © Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu .

First published by Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu in “A New Pattern and Abberant Colour Cultivar: Lithops lesliei ssp. lesliei ‘South Lake ZW’, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 36(1): 23. (February) 2021”. Image example: Four photographs accompanying the protologue, figures 36.38-36.41 on page 21, taken by Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu of China. A green-bodied, white flowering cultivar with narrow margins and wide open windows void of islands.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

'Speckled Gold'

Lithops terricolor 'Speckled Gold'.

Photo © Bernd Schlösser.

On the basis of a single specimen, this epithet was published by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 203. 1988”. Following successful propagation this was accepted and discussed as a cultivar by Steven Hammer in “Lithops - Treasures of the Veld: 87. 1999”, but under the species name of localis (which Steven Hammer considers to be the correct species name). Image example: Photograph top right on page 203 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 1988. A stabilised yellowish-green bodied aberration.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

*‘Sperrgebiet’

*L. ‘Sperrgebiet’. Although not presented as a cultivar, this name was used by Terry Smale in the “Seed Distribution List” of the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 32(1) pp.10-12, (2017), numbered 3234. The description there stated; “ex Klasie Geldenhuys, said to be a new wild taxon but perhaps more likely to be a horticultural hybrid involving werneri or riehmerae?” As this could potentially appear in cultivar format on future seed lists, it is recorded here as an excluded name to avoid confusion. An unacceptable epithet.

*’Spiderman’

*L. ‘Spiderman’. Whilst plants with this title have been mentioned on social media or the Internet, specimens depicted appear to be identical to L. hallii var. hallii and there has been no formal description. An unaccepted epithet.

'Splendido'

Lithops herrei 'Splendido'.

Photo © Bernd Schlösser.

First published by Giuseppe Maria Piccione in “A new cultivar in Lithops, Cactus and Succulent Journal (US) 73(2): 76. (Mar-April) 2001”. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph of flowering plant accompanying the protologue, taken by Giuseppe Maria Piccione of Verona, Italy. A stabilised white flowering light green bodied aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

'Split Pea'

Lithops pseudotruncatella subsp. archerae 'Split Pea'.

Photo © Chris Barnhill.

First published by Steven Hammer in “New Cultivars in Lithops, Piante Grasse Speciale 1995. Supplemento al n. 4 di Piante Grasse 15(4): 47. 1996”. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph figure 184 on page 97 in Lithops - Treasures of the Veld 1999, taken by Chris Barnhill of the, USA. A green bodied cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

'Spotted Dog'

Lithops aucampiae subsp. euniceae var. fluminalis 'Spotted Dog'.

Photo © Andy Yang.

First published by Andy Yang in “Andy’s Lithops Handbook 2021: 79. 2020”. Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue taken by Andy Yang of Yuxi City, China. The epithet is the name of an English pudding famed for its dotted appearance. A stabilised var. fluminalis of elliptical shape that is festooned with intricate dots and dashes all over the face
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

‘Springbloom’

Lithops pseudotruncatella  subsp. pseudotruncatella var. pseudotruncatella ‘Springbloom’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Nick Rowlette in “Lithops for the Curious, the Collector and the Cultist: 52. 1990”. Image example: Photograph FSG9 of plants in Lithops Archive (2010) [CD-ROM]Available: C.B. Dugdale / N. Rowlette (also available in Lithops Scrapbook II (www.scrapbooklithops.com)). A cultivar with an early and, or multiple flowering habit.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

‘Steamy Windows’

Lithops terricolor ‘Steamy Windows’.

Photo © Bernd Schlösser.

First published by Bernd Schlősser in “Lithops terricolor ‘Steamy Windows’, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 31(2): 33. (April) 2016”. Image example: Photograph (Fig 31.49) accompanying the protologue taken by Bernd Schlősser of Dragun, Germany. A white flowering cultivar with few or absent mini-windows.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

'Storms's Albinigold'

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei var. lesliei 'Storms's Albinigold'.

Photo © Axel Nuemann.

Published by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 163. 1988”, originating from Ed Storms of Azle, Texas, USA. Image example: Photograph bottom left on page 219 in Lithops -Flowering Stones 2005. The name is a tribute to the late Ed Storms of Azle, Texas, USA, a much respected grower of Lithops. A stabilised green bodied yellow flowering aberration.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

'Storms's Snowcap'

Lithops aucampiae subsp. aucampiae var. aucampiae 'Storms's Snowcap'.

Photo © Will du Toit.

Published by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 102. 1988”, originating from Ed Storms of Azle, Texas, USA.Image example: Photograph top left on page 83 in The genus Lithops 2001, taken by Yasuhiko Shimada of Japan. The name is a tribute to the late Ed Storms of Azle, Texas, USA, a much respected grower of Lithops. A stabilised white flowering aberration with normal body colours.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

*’Streyi’

*L. gracilidelineata ‘Streyi’. This Latin based epithet appeared in the book Succulents (Volume 1), on page 218, 2004, published by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ), with a photograph and description in Japanese. It was also unintentionally published in cultivar format (personal comment) by Terry Smale in the “Seed Distribution List” of the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 25(1) pp.8-10, (2010), numbered 2476. Further, and as recorded on page 346 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Streyi’ is not distinct from L. gracilidelineata subsp. gracilidelineata var. gracilidelineata.

'Sulphurea'

Lithops bromfieldii var. insularis 'Sulphurea'.

Photo © Keith Green.

This was published as a cultivar by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones:108. 1988”, originating from Yasuhiko Shimada of Japan. Image example: Photograph top right on page 108 of Lithops - Flowering Stones 1988. A stabilised green bodied aberration. NB. This Latin form epithet is retained as it is based on L. bromfieldii var. insularis f. sulphurea (Y. Shimada; 1977) which has subsequently become widely known and accepted as a cultivar.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

*’Summitatum’

*L. karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. karasmontana ‘Summitatum’. This Latin based epithet is sometimes presented in cultivar format where occasionally it is confused with the solid red to orange topped ‘Lateritia’. As recorded on page 346 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Summitatum’ is not distinct from L. karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. karasmontana.

‘Sunflowers ZW’

Lithops ‘Sunflowers ZW‘.

Photo © Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu.

First published by Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu in “A new pattern cultivar: Lithops N.E.Br. 'Sunflowers ZW', Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 33(3): 63. (August) 2018”. Image Example: Three photographs accompanying the protologue, figures 33.83 – 33.85 on page 62 taken by the authors. A hybrid between L. werneri and L. gracilidelineata ‘Café au Lait’ with a yellow-brown facial halo. The epithet honours the famous sunflower paintings of Vincent van Gogh.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

‘Sunny Grassland ZW’

Lithops divergens var. amethystina ‘Sunny Grassland ZW‘.

Photo © Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu.

First published by Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu in “A new aberrant colour form pattern cultivar: Lithops N.E.Br. 'Sunny Grassland ZW', Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 35(3): 66. (September) 2020”. Image Example: Four photographs accompanying the protologue, figures 35.101 – 35.104 on page 67 taken by the authors. A bright green cultivar with a pale facial stippling.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

‘Sunstone’

Lithops ‘Sunstone’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Nick Rowlette in “Lithops for the curious, the collector, and the cultist: 61. 1990”. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph in ‘Lithops Scrapbook: part 3’, Cactus World, 26 (2), pp. 81-85, page 84, figure 5, 2008, taken by Kevin Mason of Carmarthen, Wales.  A hybrid of L. karasmontana subsp. bella X L. karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. karasmontana. Described by Kevin Mason of Wales (personal comment) as having “rusted iron coloured windows, with a metallic sheen”.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

*‘Super Mac’

*L. salicola ‘Super Mac’. Appeared on the Frik du Plooy October 2011 seed list with no description, numbered F168.1. Currently an unacceptable epithet.

*’Swart Modder’

*L. fulviceps ‘Swart Modder’. Appeared in the book Succulents (Volume 1), on page 218, 2004, published by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ) under the presidency of Hiroshi Kobayashi, with a photograph and description in Japanese. However, it transpired this was the botanic variety correctly published according to the ICN by Professor Desmond Cole, and that the epithet should not be used. This is simply Lithops fulviceps var. laevigata.

*‘Syusingyoku’

*L. karasmontana 'Syusingyoku'. *'SYUSINGYOKU' was presented by Tony Sato in World Succulent Plants Colour Illustrated Dictionary 2004 on page 71, together with a photograph Fig 528, and the statement "Selected types: red tops". The statement does not distinguish *'Syusingyoku' from 'Lateritia'. Synonym of 'Lateritia'.

‘Talisman’

Lithops ‘Talisman’.

Photo © Francois Hoes.

First published by Nick Rowlette in “Lithops for the curious, the collector, and the cultist: 61. 1990”. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph in ‘Lithops Scrapbook part 3’, Cactus World, 26 (2): pp. 81-85, page 85, figure 6, 2008”, taken by Francois Hoes of Belgium. A violet tinged reticulated hybrid of L. gesinae var. annae X L. gracilidelineata subsp. gracilidelineata var. gracilidelineata.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

*’Tears of Tony’

*L. olivacea ‘Tears of Tony’. An epithet occasionally seen in cultivation alongside the name of Steven Hammer. However, it is unclear how this differs from var. olivacea and there has been no published description. An unaccepted epithet.

‘Top Red’

Lithops karasmontana subsp. karasmontana var. karasmontana ‘Top Red’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by the International Succulent Institute of Japan under the presidency of Hiroshi Kobayashi in “Succulents (Volume 1): 219. 2004”. Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue taken by Yasuhiko Shimada of Japan. A vibrant red mesh patterned cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*’Triebneri’

*L. schwantesii ’Triebneri’. In 2011 this epithet was presented in cultivar format by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ) on page 221 of Succulents (Volume 2) compiled by Hiroshi Kobayashi and Mitsuo Ekuma. However, as recorded on page 347 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Triebneri’ is not distinct from L. schwantesii subsp. schwantesii var. schwantesii.

*’Umdausensis’

*L. marmorata ‘Umdausensis’. This Latin based epithet was unintentionally published in cultivar format (personal comment) by Terry Smale in the “Seed Distribution List” of the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 28(1) pp.5-7 (2013), numbered 2807. Further, and as recorded on page 347 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Umdausensis’ is not distinct from L. marmorata var. marmorata.

‘Valley Girl'

Lithops vallis-mariae ‘Valley Girl'.

Photo © Tim Jackson.

First published by Steven Hammer in “New Cultivars in Lithops. Piante Grasse Speciale 1995. Supplemento al n. 4 di Piante Grasse 15(4): 49. 1995”, originating from Jane Evans. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph in ‘Lithops scrapbook part 1’, Cactus World, 25 (4): pp. 185-197 (2007), page 196, figure 25, 2007, taken by Tim Jackson of the USA. The provisional epithet of *’Buttermilk Valley’ was rejected. A stabilised white flowering aberration with normal body colours.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

'Vein’

Lithops gracilidelineata subsp. gracilidelineata var. gracilidelineata 'Vein'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 9, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A cultivar with facial markings resembling an insect wing.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

‘Ventergreen’

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei var. venteri ‘Ventergreen’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Yasuhiko Shimada in “Two new Lithops cultivars, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 21(4): 78-79. 2006”. Image example: Photograph accompanying the protologue, taken by Yasuhiko Shimada of Japan. A stabilised green bodied aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

'Verdigris'

Lithops verruculosa var. verruculosa 'Verdigris'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Steven Hammer in “Lithops-Treasures of the veld:100, 111. 1999”. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph figure 195, on page 100 accompanying the protologue, taken by Chris Barnhill of the USA. A green bodied aberration that has normal var. verruculosa flower colours.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

*’Vermiculate’

*L. hookeri ‘Vermiculate’. This epithet was unintentionally published in cultivar format (personal comment) by Terry Smale in the “Seed Distribution List” of the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 24(1) pp.3-4 (2009). Further, and as recorded on page 348 of Lithops - Flowering Stones by DT & NA Cole (2005), *’Vermiculate’ is not distinct from L. hookeri var. hookeri.

*’Vermil Lip’

*L. karasmontana ‘Vermil Lip’. An epithet offered on the website www.conos-paradise.com as “L69-26: Lithops karasmontana ‘Vermil Lip'”, but without a description or photograph. An unaccepted epithet.

‘Vertigo’

Lithops gracilidelineata subsp. brandbergensis ‘Vertigo’.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published by Steven Hammer in “Two new Lithops cultivars, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 18(3): 66. 2003”, originating from Frik du Plooy. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph in ‘Lithops Scrapbook part 2’, Cactus World, 26 (1): pp. 21-27 page 24, figure 8, 2008, taken by Kevin Mason of Carmarthen, Wales. The name is in reference to the wild habitat of subsp. brandbergensis on top of the Brandberg Mountains in Namibia, and also a “tongue-in-cheek” use of the word “vert” which is French for green. Vince Formosa of Leeds (personal comment) once indicated that he intended to use the name *‘Greenberg’ for this cultivar, but was beaten to it by Steven Hammer. A stabilised green bodied aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

*'Violet'

*L. otzeniana 'Violet'. An indistinct photograph with the caption “Lithops otzeniana cv. "VIOLET"” appeared in the “I.S.I.J. Newsletter (issue 19), 2 (7): 1. July 2000”. This was a provisional name used by Hiroshi Kobayashi to promote further selection of plants admired by Yasuhiko Shimada. An unaccepted epithet.

'Violetta'

Lithops terricolor 'Violetta'.

Photo © Keith Green.

First published under the species name of localis (which he considers to be the correct species name) by Steven Hammer in “New Cultivars in Lithops, Piante Grasse Speciale 1995. Supplemento al n. 4 di Piante Grasse 15(4): 48. 1995”. Nomenclatural Standard: Photograph figure 115 on page 71 in Lithops - Treasures of the Veld 1999, taken by Chris Barnhill of the USA. A reddish-violet bodied cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

*‘Vivid Green’

*L. lesliei subsp. lesliei var. lesliei ‘Vivid Green’. Once offered by Vince Formosa of the now defunct “Parkways Lithops” without a description. Vince Formosa of Leeds (personal comment) once indicated that this was a green bodied, white flowering plant identical to the first published ‘Albinica’, but originated from C5 a differing colony. A synonym of ‘Albinica’ (which originated from C36).

'Voldemort's Visage'

Lithops olivacea var. olivacea 'Voldemort's Visage'.

Photo © Shen Jie.

First published by Shen Jie in “Voldermort’s Visage, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 35(3): 66. (September) 2020”. Image example: Four photographs accompanying the protologue figures 35.97 - 35.100 on page 52, taken by Shen Jie of China. Some minor spelling and format errors in the article as published were corrected for this register. A cultivar with reduced windows, a grey-green or light brown colour and a deep fissure. The epithet is the name of the misshapen and wicked Voldemort character in the Harry Potter novels.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*‘Wheyward, Ho!’

*L. geyeri ‘Wheyward, Ho!’. Mentioned by Steven Hammer as a single white flowering specimen in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 31 (4) p.96 (2016). An unaccepted epithet.

*‘White Flower’

*L. lesliei subsp. lesliei var. mariae ‘White Flower’. Mentioned as a single specimen in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 24 (1) p.14 (2009) with a photograph on page 5, but of dubious identification and probably a hybrid. An unaccepted epithet.

‘White Nymph’

Lithops bromfieldii var. bromfieldii ‘White Nymph’.

Photo © Yasuhiko Shimada.

 First published by Yasuhiko Shimada in “A new Lithops cultivar, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 17(3): 62. (July) 2002”. Nomenclatural Standard: Photograph of budding plant in The Genus Lithops, Shimada (2001. 87), taken by Yasuhiko Shimada of Japan and cited in the protologue. A stabilised white flowering aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

'White Queen'

Lithops pseudotruncatella subsp. pseudotruncatella var. elisabethiae 'White Queen'.

Photo © Tok Schoeman.

First published by Hilde Mouton in “White Flowering Lithops pseudotruncatella subsp. pseudotruncatella var. elisabethiae, Mesemb. Study Group Bulletin 30(1): 18. (January) 2015”, originating from a habitat rescue. Image example: Photograph (Fig 30.10) accompanying the protologue, taken by Hilde Mouton of Keetmanshoop, Namibia. The epithet, a suggestion from Professor Desmond Cole, is a reference to Queen Elisabeth II of the UK. A stabilised white flowering aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.

‘White Rabbit’

Lithops ‘White Rabbit’.

Photo © Eric Collins.

First published by Eric Collins in “Lithops White Rabbit’, Cactus And Succulent Journal (of The Cactus and Succulent Society of New South Wales Inc.) 30(6): 105-107. (October to December) 2016”. Image example: Photograph of plants accompanying the protologue taken by Eric Collins of Snowtown, South Australia. A stabilised hybrid of unknown origin with a lightly marked, convex top and white flowers.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

'White Silk’

Lithops geyeri 'White Silk'.

Photo © Tetsuro Ikeda.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVIISpecial (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 7, accompanying the protologue taken by Tetsuro Ikeda of Japan, in whose collection the plants originated. A white flowering L. geyeri.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

‘White Susan’

Lithops hookeri var. susannae ‘White Susan’.

Photo © Francois Hoes.

First published by Francois Hoes in “White Susan: A New Lithops Cultivar, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 31(4): 98. (October) 2016”. Image example: Photograph of plants accompanying the protologue taken by Francois Hoes of Belgium. A stabilised aberration that has white flowers with a yellow centre.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*’Whitfield’

*L. bromfieldii ‘Whitfield'. The ‘Whitfield’ epithet was mentioned as a “provisional coinage” without speech marks by Steven Hammer in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin vol. 9, p. 51 (1994), pertaining to a single specimen and with no description. An unaccepted epithet.

'Witblom'

Lithops lesliei subsp. lesliei var. minor 'Witblom'.

Photo © Alain Sutton.

On the basis of a single specimen, this epithet was published by Professor Desmond Cole in “Some Lithops Cultivars, Aloe 22(3): 58-62. 1985”, and later appeared in “Lithops - Flowering Stones: 166: 1988”. Following successful propagation this was accepted and discussed as a cultivar by Steven Hammer in “Lithops - Treasures of the Veld: 85. 1999”. The originator of this cultivar was Professor Desmond Cole.  Image example: Photograph bottom right on page 225 in Lithops - Flowering Stones 2005. A stabilised white flowering aberration.
Documented in Lithops-Flowering Stones.

‘Witspook’

Lithops schwantesii subsp. schwantesii var. urikosensis ‘Witspook’.

Photo © Tim Jackson.

First published by Tim Jackson in “White Flowered Lithops schwantesii Update, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 32(4): 87. (October) 2017”, originating from Ken Palmer. Previously in “A White Ghost Among Lithops, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 23(1): 25. (Janruary) 2008”, Ken stated this white flowering aberration was once known as *’Jeanett’s Pearl’, but never established as such. Although Ken proposed the name of ‘Witspook’ in the same article, the epithet was not then established because available printed matter inferred no plants were in existence at that time. However, cross referencing of Tim’s article and photographs confirm the lineage, and establish the cultivar. The ‘Witspook’ title was suggested by Steven Hammer, and translates from Afrikaans into English as “White Ghost”. Image example: Photographs available at www.filefactory.com/folder/35664aa84c1b3b7b taken by Tim Jackson of the USA. A stabilised white flowering aberration.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*’Wrinkle Freddy’

*L. karasmontana ‘Wrinkle Freddy’. One of a myriad of unsubstantiated and unpublished titles occasionally seen on social media or the Internet. An unaccepted epithet.

'Yamato Granat’

Lithops otzeniana 'Yamato Granat'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 29, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A pink bodied L. otzeniana.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

*'Yellow Green’

*L. gracilidelineata subsp. brandbergensis ‘Yellow Green’. Appeared (as not available) on the Frik du Plooy 2015 seed list with no description, numbered F052. This may not differ from 'Vertigo'. Currently an unaccepted epithet.

*’Yellow Green form’

*L. otzeniana ‘Yellow Green form’. The epithet (including a lower case “f”) with a photograph and a description in Japanese appeared in the book Succulents (Volume 1) on page 221, 2004, published by the International Succulent Institute of Japan (ISIJ) under the presidency of Hiroshi Kobayashi. The word “form” is not allowed in cultivar names. An unaccepted epithet.

'Yukari’

Lithops julii subsp. julii 'Yukari'.

Photo © Norihiko Shimada.

First published by Norihiko Shimada in “Cultivars from Shimada’s Kitchen, Kaktusy, LVII Special (2): 30-50. 2021”. Image example: Fig. 15, accompanying the protologue taken by Norihiko Shimada of Japan. A purple bodied subsp. julii.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 3 via the link on the right.

'Yunmeng Lake ZW'

Lithops julii subsp. julii 'Yunmeng Lake ZW'.

Photo © Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu.

First published as *‘Yunmeng Lake’ by Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu in “A New Pattern Cultivar: Lithops N.E.Br. julii (Dint. & Schwant.) N.E.Br. subsp. julii cv. ‘Yunmeng Lake’, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 33(2): 47. (May) 2018”, and corrected to 'Yunmeng Lake ZW' in the Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 33(3): 63. (August) 2018”. Image Example: Four photographs accompanying the protologue, figures 33.59 – 33.62 on page 45, taken by Zhang Shijia and Wei Zichu of China. The epithet is the name of an ancient lake in mainland China, now greatly reduced in size. A green cultivar with “hoar frost” windows and a distinct facial boarder.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 2 via the link on the right.

*‘Zebra’

*L. karasmontana subsp. eberlanzii ‘Zebra’. Appeared on the January 2007 Mesa Garden seed list numbered 1625.763, with the description “prominent z stripes”. However, in an e-mail to Keith Green dated 13 June 2007, Steven Brack of Mesa Garden, New Mexico, USA, said the plants were not distinctive and should not have been published in cultivar format. This is simply Lithops karasmontana subsp. eberlanzii.

'Zorro'

Lithops dorotheae 'Zorro'.

Photo © Eric Collins.

First published by Steven Hammer in “Two new Lithops cultivars, Mesemb Study Group Bulletin 18(3): 66. 2003”, originating from Ed Storms of Azle, Texas, USA. Nomenclatural standard: Photograph in ‘Lithops Scrapbook part 2’, Cactus World, 26 (1): pp. 21-27 page 23, figure 6, 2008, taken by Chris Barnhill of the USA. A lightning-bolt patterned cultivar.
Further noted in Lithops Scrapbook 1 via the link on the right.